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WHO Global Status Report on Alcohol and Health 2018

Freitag 21. September 2018 von htm

PRESS RELEASE

Brussels, Belgium, 21st September 2018

We are still number one but hopefully not for long – Europe’s alcohol consumption
WHO Global Status Report on Alcohol and Health 2018

More than 3 million people died as a result of harmful use of alcohol in 2016, according to a report released by the World Health Organization (WHO) today. This represents 1 in 20 deaths. More than three quarters of these deaths were among men. Overall, the harmful use of alcohol causes more than 5% of the global disease burden.

Europe continues to have the highest per capita consumption in the world. The good news is that per capita consumption has decreased by more than 10% since 2010. However, Europe has the highest rates of current drinking among 15–19-year-olds, followed by the Americas (38%) and the Western Pacific (38%). School surveys indicate that, in many countries, alcohol use starts before the age of 15 with very small differences between boys and girls.

European Alcohol Policy Alliance (Eurocare) wants to remind the European Institutions of the Council Conclusions on Cross-border aspects in alcohol policy – tackling harmful use of alcohol during the Estonian Presidency in December 2017.

Mariann Skar, Secretary General of Eurocare said:
“Juncker’s Commission has neglected and ignored alcohol policy. We are still waiting for decision on such, one might imagine, simple issue as whether consumers should have calories on the labels. Not to mention the missed opportunity of Audiovisual Media Services Directive to reduce exposure to alcohol advertising. Last but not least, we still have minimum excise duties from 1992. The progress we are seeing in Europe is because of courageous actions at a Member States level, countries such as Estonia, Lithuania, Poland, Scotland, Finland have implemented progressive alcohol policy solutions’‘.

Member States have clearly shown that there is a will to do more to tackle alcohol related harm. Juncker’s Commission has to quickly increase its efforts to find a way to actualise these Council Conclusions.
Conclusions highlighted several areas of action and call on the European Commission to:

  • Produce and adopt a new EU Alcohol Strategy
  • Monitor and evaluate the adequacy of the current measures in the online advertising of alcoholic beverages
  • Support Member States in the framework of a new Joint Action – RARHA
  • Support research and studies in areas such as for instance cross-border purchases
  • Propose better provisions for alcohol labelling by the end of 2019

WHO’s Global status report on alcohol and health 2018 presents a comprehensive picture of alcohol consumption and the disease burden attributable to alcohol worldwide. It also describes what countries are doing to reduce this burden.

Source: Eurocare, 18/09/21

Kategorie: Advertising, Alcohol taxes, Alerts, Allgemein, consumption, Documents, English Website, Global, Health, Labels, mortality, Parliaments / Governments, Politics, Prevention, Publications, Research, Social Costs, Statistics, Watchdogs, WHO, Youth | Keine Kommentare »

Make Alcohol Policy Solutions The Priority They Should Be

Freitag 24. August 2018 von htm

69th IOGT World Congress urges governments to make alcohol policy the priority it should be and calls for Framework Convention on Alcohol Control.

42 countries, 77 delegates and 320 participants all together took part in the 69th session of the IOGT International World Congress. Together they issued the following declaration:

Make Alcohol Policy Solutions The Priority They Should Be

We, the delegates of the 69thIOGT International World Congress “Future Made Here”, gathered to galvanize fresh momentum in our efforts to tackle alcohol as major obstacle to sustainable development.

We note with alarm the lack of progress in preventing and reducing alcohol harm in countries around the world.

13 of 17 Sustainable Development Goals are adversely affected by alcohol. Every ten seconds a human being dies due to an alcohol-related cause. Globally, alcohol is the leading risk factor for premature death and disability among people between the ages of 15 to 49. Alcohol harm is decimating our families, hurting our communities, undermining our economic productivity, and impeding progress for all. All this is manufactured and fueled by the alcohol industry, their harmful products and unethical business practices, which include tax avoidance, pervasive marketing and industry self-regulation.

Not only is Big Alcohol ruthlessly pursuing profits with no regard for Human Rights, human dignity, and human well-being. The alcohol industry is also engaging in aggressive political activities to undermine, derail and obstruct evidence-based and cost-effective alcohol policy measures that would benefit people and societies.

We are deeply concerned about the fact that our governments are dangerously off track in fulfilling their commitments to promoting a better life for all through tackling alcohol harm.

Independent science shows that the alcohol policy best buys hold considerable and largely untapped potential to promote health,  foster development and to protect especially vulnerable groups like children and youth, women and people in deprived and marginalized communities. For example, a $1 investment in the alcohol policy best buy measures generates a return of $9 dollars. These alcohol policy best buys are important tools to help achieve the SDGs.

The lack of progress in policy implementation and enforcement since the adoption of the WHO Global Alcohol Strategy in 2010 make the need for a binding international agreement abundantly clear.

Therefore, we call for the adoption of a Framework Convention on Alcohol Control. In the era of the Agenda 2030, sustainable development will not be possible without renewed and high-level political commitment and persistent, evidence-based action to prevent and reduce alcohol harm.

It is high-time that governments make alcohol policy solutions the priority they should be in order to achieve development for all.

Source: IOGT International

Kategorie: adults, Advertising, Alcohol industry, Alerts, Alkoholindustrie, Allgemein, Availability, consumption, Development, Documents, Dokumente, Events, Global, Health, mortality, Non-communicable diseases, Parliaments / Governments, Politics, Prevention, Price, Research, Social Costs, societal effects, Statistics, Watchdogs | Keine Kommentare »

DRUNK, DISRUPTIVE AIR PASSENGER NUMBERS ON THE RISE

Mittwoch 22. August 2018 von htm

 Report shows that 6 in 10 people have encountered drunk passengers following a six-fold increase in passenger incidents on planes since 2012

Almost two thirds of British adults who travel by air (60%) have encountered drunk passengers whilst traveling by air, according to a report published today.

Fit to Fly, by the Institute of Alcohol Studies and the European Alcohol Policy Alliance, found that the majority (51%) of Brits believe there is a serious problem with excessive alcohol consumption in air travel. Drunk passengers who become aggressive on planes threaten the safety of other passengers, including children. Cabin crew have reported being sexually assaulted, kicked, punched and headbutted by drunk passengers.1

Though it is an offence to be drunk on a plane, incidents of drunk and disruptive passengers have increased in recent years, up 600% since 2012,2 according to the Civil Aviation Authority, the body which regulates air travel in the UK. Fit to Fly finds that nearly a quarter of GB adults (24%) drink alcohol at the airport, and only 2% of adults reported drinking four drinks or more, indicating that a minority of passengers drinking excessively may be putting other passengers’ safety at risk.

Kategorie: adults, Alerts, Allgemein, Availability, consumption, Documents, Dokumente, English Website, Global, Health, Parliaments / Governments, Politics, Prevention, Research, societal effects, Statistics, Transportation, Violence and crimes, Watchdogs, Workplace | Keine Kommentare »

New study on alcohol promotion and youth

Donnerstag 1. März 2018 von htm

Rossen, I., Pettigrew, S., Jongenelis, M., Stafford, J., Wakefield,
M., and Chikritzhs, T. (2017).
Evidence on the nature and extent of alcohol promotion and the consequences for young people’s alcohol consumption. Report prepared for the Mental Health Commission by the WA Cancer Prevention Research Unit, Curtin University School of Psychology and Speech Pathology, Perth, Western Australia.

Executive Summary
Alcohol consumption is a leading contributor to the global burden of disease and death.
Given the harms attributable to alcohol, there is a need to examine the factors that contribute
to its consumption. One known influence is alcohol promotion. The alcohol industry is a
multinational entity that devotes substantial resources to the promotion of alcohol. There is
evidence to suggest that these efforts have become increasingly sophisticated and widespread
in recent years. As well as traditional forms of media such as television and magazines,
alcohol is promoted through less explicit means such as sports sponsorship and alcoholbranded
merchandise. Alcohol is also increasingly promoted via newer forms of media, such
as social media platforms. This report provides an overview of the nature, extent, and impact
of alcohol promotion, with a specific focus on the influence of alcohol promotion on young
people.
Major findings and more: link to the report

Source: EUCAM Newsletter 03/01/2018

Kategorie: Advertising, Alcohol industry, Allgemein, consumption, Global, Newsletter, Politics, Prevention, Research, Statistics, Watchdogs, Youth | Keine Kommentare »

WHO: new report on alcohol-attributable deaths in Europe

Sonntag 30. Oktober 2016 von htm

For the first time, trends in alcohol consumption and related mortality have been examined systematically for all countries in the WHO European Region for an extended period. (including Switzerland)

Who/Europe’s new report „Public health successes and missed opportunities. Trends in alcohol  consumption attributable deaths increased by 4%.

Kategorie: Addiction, adults, Allgemein, consumption, Documents, Dokumente, Gender, Gesundheit, Health, mortality, Politics, Politik, Prevention, Publications, Research, Schweiz, Statistics, Statistik, Watchdogs, Weltgesundheits-Org., WHO | Keine Kommentare »

Forschung: Folgen des niedrigen Alkoholkonsums

Donnerstag 5. März 2015 von htm

Folgen des niedrigen Alkoholkonsums: Die Publikation „Alcohol and Society 2014; Theme: The Effects of Low-Dowse Alcohol Consumption“ steht zum Download bereit. Ein Forschungsbericht der IOGT-NTO Schweden und der Schwedischen Gesellschaft für Medizin. In English and Swedish.
Kommentar: Die bisher ausführlichste Zusammenstellung der Forschungsergebnisse zu diesem Thema. Die Medien, die vor Jahren nicht genug über angeblich alkoholpositive gesundheitliche Vorteile berichten konnten, werden dazu wie bisher grösstenteils schweigen.
Quelle: Infoset

 

Kategorie: Allgemein, Dokumente, Forschung, Global, Health, Internationales, Medizin, Politics, Prevention, Publications, Research, safe level, Statistics, TOP NEWS, Verhältnis-Präv., Veröffentlichungen, WHO | Keine Kommentare »

Research: Alcohol Consumption at Midlife and Risk of Stroke

Donnerstag 5. Februar 2015 von htm

Original Contribution
Alcohol Consumption at Midlife and Risk of Stroke During 43 Years of Follow-Up
Cohort and Twin Analyses
Pavla Kadlecová, MSc,
Ross Andel, PhD,
Robert Mikulík, PhD,
Elizabeth P. Handing, BA and
Nancy L. Pedersen, PhD
STROKE AHA.114.006724
Published online before print January 29, 2015, doi: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.114.006724

From the International Clinical Research Center, Neurology Department, St. Anne’s Hospital, Brno, Czech Republic (P.K., R.A., R.M.); School of Aging Studies, University of South Florida, Tampa (R.A., E.P.H.); Department of Neurology, St. Anne’s University Hospital and Medical Faculty of Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic (R.M.); Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden (N.L.P.); and Department of Psychology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles (N.L.P.).
Correspondence to Pavla Kadlecová, MSc, Pekařská 53, 656 91 Brno, Czech Republic. E-mail kadlecovap{at}fnusa.cz

Abstract

Background and Purpose—Although alcohol–stroke association is well known, the age-varying effect of alcohol drinking at midlife on subsequent stroke risk across older adulthood has not been examined. The effect of genetic/early-life factors is also unknown. We used cohort and twin analyses of data with 43 years of follow-up for stroke incidence to help address these gaps.

Methods—All 11 644 members of the population-based Swedish Twin Registry born 1886 to 1925 with alcohol data aged ≤60 years were included. The interaction of midlife alcohol consumption by age at stroke was evaluated in Cox-regression and analyses of monozygotic twins were used. Covariates were baseline age, sex, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes mellitus, stress reactivity, depression, body mass index, smoking, and exercise.

Results—Altogether 29% participants developed stroke. Compared with very-light drinkers (<0.5 drink/d), heavy drinkers (>2 drinks/d) had greater risk of stroke (hazard ratio, 1.34; P=0.02) and the effect for nondrinkers approached significance (hazard ratio, 1.11; P=0.08). Age increased stroke risk for nondrinkers (P=0.012) and decreased it for heavy drinkers (P=0.040). Midlife heavy drinkers were at high risk from baseline until the age of 75 years when hypertension and diabetes mellitus grew to being the more relevant risk factors. In analyses of monozygotic twin-pairs, heavy drinking shortened time to stroke by 5 years (P=0.04).

Conclusions—Stroke-risk associated with heavy drinking (>2 drinks/d) in midlife seems to predominate over well-known risk factors, hypertension and diabetes, until the age of ≈75 years and may shorten time to stroke by 5 years above and beyond covariates and genetic/early-life factors. Alcohol consumption should be considered an age-varying risk factor for stroke.

Kategorie: adults, Allgemein, consumption, Education, English Website, Global, Health, mortality, Non-communicable diseases, Research, Statistics | Keine Kommentare »

USA: Alcohol Ads Violating Industry Rules More Likely in Magazines Popular With Teens

Donnerstag 9. August 2012 von htm

Alcohol ads that violate industry guidelines are more likely to appear in magazines popular with teen readers, a new study finds. Ads violate industry guidelines if they appear to target a primarily underage audience, highlight the high alcohol content of a product, or portray drinking in conjunction with activities that require a high degree of alertness or coordination, such as swimming.

Researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health studied 1,261 ads for alcopops, beer, spirits or wine that appeared more than 2,500 times in 11 magazines that are popular among teens. The ads were rated according to a number of factors, such as whether they portrayed over-consumption of alcohol, addiction content, sex-related content, or injury content. ….
(Source:Join Together, 08/09/12)

Kategorie: Advertising, Alcohol industry, Allgemein, Children, consumption, Global, Media, Parents, Parliaments / Governments, Politics, Prevention, Research, Statistics, Watchdogs, Youth | Keine Kommentare »

WHO Global Information System on Alcohol and Health (GISAH)

Samstag 4. August 2012 von htm

The WHO Global Information System on Alcohol and Health (GISAH) provides easy and rapid access to a wide range of alcohol-related health indicators. It is an essential tool for assessing and monitoring the health situation and trends related to alcohol consumption, alcohol-related harm, and policy responses in countries. For country profiles, maps, reports, and links please see the theme page by clicking on the „Analysis“ tab above.

GISAH is overseen by a Steering Committee comprised of representatives from the WHO Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse, and the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (Canada). The financial support from the Valencian Autonomous Government, Spain is gratefully acknowledged.
(Source: Alcohol Reports, 08/2/12)

Kategorie: Addiction, Allgemein, consumption, Documents, Global, Media, Publications, Research, Statistics, WHO | Keine Kommentare »

Introducing a minimum unit price for alcohol in Scotland

Samstag 28. Juli 2012 von htm

Considerations under European Law and the implications for European public health
Scotland has amongst the highest rates of alcohol-related harms in Western Europe and over the last three decades has observed an approximate 3-fold increase in alcohol-related mortality.1 The Scottish Government has identified the affordability of alcohol as a key component for an effective strategy in addressing these harms. While increases in alcohol duty can be used to reduce affordability, responsibility for determining alcohol duty lies with the UK rather than Scottish Parliament so the introduction of a minimum unit price (MUP) is being considered as a more targeted alternative. Its potential introduction raises a number of important legal considerations that bear relevance to future public health legislative measures across the European Union. In this article, we outline some of the main considerations as illustrated by the case study of MUP in Scotland and discuss the implications for countries across Europe and other areas of public health policy. …
(Source: Alcohol Reports, 07/27/12) eurpub.oxfordjournals.org, August 2012 (payable) Eur J Public Health (2012) 22 (4): 457-458. doi: 10.1093/eurpub/cks091

Kategorie: Alcohol industry, Allgemein, Availability, consumption, Global, mortality, Parliaments / Governments, Politics, Prevention, Price, Publications, Statistics | Keine Kommentare »

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