Alkoholpolitik und Volksgesundheit

Archiv für die Kategorie 'Legal Drinking Age'

USA: Report to Congress on the Prevention and Reduction of Underage Drinking

Samstag 23. Juli 2011 von htm

Underage drinking and associated problems have profound negative consequences for underage drinkers, their families, their communities, and society as a whole. Underage drinking contributes to a wide range of costly health and social problems, including motor vehicle crashes (the greatest single mortality risk for underage drinkers); suicide; interpersonal violence (e.g., homicides, assaults, rapes); unintentional injuries such as burns, falls, and drowning; brain impairment; alcohol dependence; risky sexual activity; academic problems; and alcohol and drug poisoning. On average, alcohol is a factor in the deaths of approximately 4,700 youths in the United States per year, shortening their lives by an average of 60 years (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC] Alcohol-Related Disease Impact [ARDI] software, 2009b). … (Source: Alcohol Reports, 07/21/11)

Kategorie: Addiction, Allgemein, Binge Drinking, Children, consumption, Global, Health, Legal Drinking Age, morbidity, mortality, Parliaments / Governments, Politics, Prevention, Publications, Research, societal effects, Violence and crimes, Watchdogs, Youth | Keine Kommentare »

USA: The Minimum Legal Drinking Age and Public Health

Samstag 9. Juli 2011 von htm

The Amethyst Initiative, signed by more than 100 college presidents and other higher education officials calls for a reexamination of the minimum legal drinking age in the United States.
A central argument of the initiative is that the U.S. minimum legal drinking age policy results in more dangerous drinking than would occur if the legal drinking age were lower….
Does the age-21 drinking limit in the United States reduce alcohol consumption by young adults and its harms, or as the signatories of the Amethyst Initiative contend, is it „not working“?
In this paper, we summarize a large and compelling body of empirical evidence which shows that one of the central claims of the signatories of the Amethyst Initiative is incorrect: setting the minimum legal drinking age at 21 clearly reduces alcohol consumption and its major harms. … (Source: Alcohol Reports, 07/06/11)

Kategorie: Allgemein, Availability, Global, Legal Drinking Age, Prevention, Research, safe level, societal effects, Youth | Keine Kommentare »

Adolescent Substance Use: America’s #1 Public Health Problem

Donnerstag 30. Juni 2011 von htm

Nine out of 10 Americans who meet the medical criteria for addiction started smoking, drinking, or using other drugs before age 18, according to a national study released today by The National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse (CASA) at Columbia University.
Adolescent Substance Use: America’s #1 Public Health Problem reveals that adolescence is the critical period for the initiation of substance use and its consequences. The CASA report finds 1 in 4 Americans who began using any addictive substance before age 18 are addicted, compared to 1 in 25 Americans who started using at age 21 or older.
Adolescent Substance Use at Epidemic Levels:
The CASA report underscores the fact that addiction is a disease with adolescent origins. The underdeveloped teen brain makes it likelier that teens will take risks, including using addictive substances that interfere with brain development, impair judgment and heighten their risk of addiction. (Source: CASA press release, 06/29/11)

Kategorie: Addiction, adults, Allgemein, consumption, Global, Health, Legal Drinking Age, Other Drugs, Publications, Research, societal effects, Watchdogs, Youth | Keine Kommentare »

NL: First European network conference on reducing youth drinking by law enforcement

Dienstag 28. Juni 2011 von htm

On October the 27th the Dutch Institute for Alcohol Policy (STAP) will host the first European network conference on reducing youth drinking by law enforcement. Law enforcement experts and professionals from all over Europe will be able to exchange knowledge and experiences during a conference specifically focussed on enforcing alcohol legislation. Although regulations, policies and responsibilities differ by country, there are similar enforcement topics that apply to all. Effective enforcement of legal age limits is one of the main themes of the conference. Because the knowledge about law enforcement in Europe has grown substantially over the last decades it is the right moment to organise the first European alcohol enforcement meeting. … (Source: stap.nl, 6/27/11)

Kategorie: Alerts, Allgemein, Availability, Binge Drinking, Children, consumption, Events, Global, Legal Drinking Age, Politics, Prevention, Research, Violence and crimes, Watchdogs, Youth | Keine Kommentare »

AU: Parents’ plans to supply their adolescents with alcohol

Dienstag 14. Juni 2011 von htm

The aim was to determine the extent to which parent and adolescent characteristics and patterns of alcohol use influence parents’ plans to supply their adolescent aged 14–16 years with full serves of alcohol (i.e. not necessarily initiation) in the next 6 months. A cross-sectional sample of parents from Victoria, Australia, completed an online survey. Parents’ plans to supply alcohol in the next 6 months was significantly associated with their reports of supplying alcohol in the previous 3 months, perceptions that their adolescent drinks, reports of not practising religion, and Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test scores. … (Source: Alcohol Reports, 06/13/11)

Kategorie: Allgemein, Availability, Children, consumption, Education, Global, Legal Drinking Age, Parents, Religion, Research, Youth | Keine Kommentare »

USA: WV Students Create Public Service Announcements To Prevent Underage Drinking

Dienstag 14. Juni 2011 von htm

More than two dozen West Virginia youth from Cabell, Greenbrier and Kanawha counties will star in new public service announcements (PSAs)
designed to raise awareness of and prevent underage drinking. Earlier this year, the teams of youth from Cabell County’s Substance Abuse
Prevention Coalition, the Marshall University Ad Club, Greenbrier East High School and the South Charleston Housing Authority submitted draft scripts for this year’s 2011 PSA Challenge. This month, the youth will fine-tune their scripts and work with the Tri-State CW and WV Radio Corporation to produce the television and radio spots. … (Source: Alcohol Reports, 06/13/11) prevnet.org, 06/13/11 Comment: This could be an idea for other regions too.

Kategorie: Advertising, Allgemein, Binge Drinking, consumption, Global, Legal Drinking Age, Media, Prevention, Watchdogs, Youth | Keine Kommentare »

India: Mumbai votes to increase alcohol age limit

Mittwoch 8. Juni 2011 von htm

Mumbai has voted to raise the age limit for buying spirits from 21 to 25 and beer 18 to 21, sparking concern from the drinks industry and fury among young people.
Politicians agreed to change the minimum age as part of moves to discourage under-age consumption and problem drinking.
The measures – which include fines for illegal drinking, a ban on serving alcohol at public functions and ceremonies and more „dry days“ when the sale of alcohol is banned – will apply in Mumbai and across the state of Maharashtra.
But Indian spirit-makers and the hotel and restaurant industry reacted strongly against the decision, saying it would adversely affect business.
„Thirty per cent of white spirits is consumed by people under 25,“ said Deepak Roy, vice-chairman and chief executive of Allied Blenders and Distillers (ABD), which makes the Indian whisky Officer’s Choice. (Source: Alcohol Reports, 06/07/11) telegraph.co.uk, 06/02/11

Kategorie: Alcohol industry, Allgemein, Development, Global, Legal Drinking Age, Parliaments / Governments, Politics, Prevention, Statistics, Youth | Keine Kommentare »

Alcohol ban threat for Scotland’s under 21s Under 21 alcohol ban threat

Mittwoch 1. Juni 2011 von htm

Local authorities have been given the green light to ban individual outlets from selling alcohol to people aged between 18 and 21 where the stores have previously fallen foul of the law by selling to under 18s, or where there is a problem with teenage drinking.
The move comes as the majority SNP Government signals its intent to tackle Scotland’s unhealthy relationship with alcohol. Power to restrict sales only to those drinkers aged 21 and over would be a powerful tool in the arsenal of the local licensing boards who police the retailers. … (Source: Alcohol Reports, 5/30/11)

Kategorie: Alcohol industry, Allgemein, Availability, Children, Global, Legal Drinking Age, Parliaments / Governments, Politics, Prevention, societal effects, Youth | Keine Kommentare »

Switzerland: Tests curb underage alcohol sales

Dienstag 24. Mai 2011 von htm

Sales of alcohol to underage drinkers are going down, but one in four underage teenagers is still able to buy alcohol at shops and restaurants.
In test purchases in 23 cantons, 5.8 per cent fewer underage buyers were able to buy alcohol in 2010 than in 2009, according to figures released on Monday by the Swiss Alcohol Board.
In the past decade, illegal alcohol sales to underage test buyers has dropped from 83.5 per cent to 26.8 per cent. In seven of the 23 cantons doing the tests, the rate has even fallen below 20 per cent. Between 2000 and 2010, 15,000 tests were carried out. … (Source: Alcohol Reports, 5/23/11) swissinfo.ch, 5/23/11

Kategorie: Alcohol industry, Allgemein, Availability, Beverage serving tests, Children, consumption, Legal Drinking Age, Prevention, Publications, Statistics, Youth | Keine Kommentare »

WHO-Guide: Developing effective alcohol legislation

Sonntag 22. Mai 2011 von htm

Many governments realize the need for effective legislation to reduce the harm from alcohol use. This is also recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) Global strategy to reduce the harmful use of alcohol. But how to do it? WHO Western Pacific Regional Office has offered a guide.
The purpose of the legislation guide is to assist government agencies and ministries in developing country-level legislation to implement, monitor and enforce effective alcohol policies.
The guide provides advice on approaches to alcohol regulation to support development of effective legislation appropriate to each country. It provides practical advice based on international experience about the implications of legislative options, steps to be taken to implement legislation and best practice on how to enforce legislation and support compliance. …
Order or download the guide from the WHO WPRO web site: Addressing the harmful use of alcohol – a guide to developing effective alcohol regulation (Source: add-resources.org, 5/19/11)

Kategorie: Allgemein, Development, Education, Global, Legal Drinking Age, Parliaments / Governments, Politics, Prevention, Price, Publications, WHO | Keine Kommentare »

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