(09.10.2003) Siehe auch 19.12.03: Protokolle in verschiedenen Sprachen
Meeting of the Working Party on Alcohol and Health
GATS Negotiations and Distribution Services
of Alcohol Beverages
Luxembourg, June 12th, 2003
GATS:Economic development and governance The GATS is a multilateral agreement created by the Members of the World Trade Organisation (WTO) in 1994 at the end of the Uruguay round. It is about opening market access and granting national treatment to non-national providers ofservices. The agreement includes a work programme ("builtin agenda") committing Members to successive rounds of negotiations aimed at progressively higher level of trade liberalisation. First round of negotiations: Doha Development Agenda (DDA), Initiated in November 2001.
Target completion by end 2004.
GATS:The GATS is about trade in services, including:
• Professional services
• Business services
• Computer-related services
• Postal and courier
• Educational services
• Environmental services
• Financial services - Banking and insurance
• Tourism and travel-related services
• Health-related and social services
• Recreational, cultural and sporting services
GATS:modes of service supplyMode 1 Cross-border supply Mode 2 Consumption abroad Mode 3 Commercial presence Mode 4 Presence of natural people
GATS principlesMost-favoured-nation treatment - MFN But exemptions are allowed for cases specified by the WTO. Member, and among countries
that are members of regional trading agreements (economic integration). The GATS does not interfere with the right of governments to regulate. Respect for the Members’ right to create and apply domestic regulation.
Measures must be applied reasonably, objectively and impartially. Licencing requirements will not constitute unnecessary barriers to trade in services. Members have the right to modify or withdraw commitments, within certain rules and appropriate compensation.
of alcoholic beverages
• Ireland does not have commitment for commercial presence of retailing services
• Sweden has no commitments on retailing services
• Finland has no commitments on any distribution serviceThis is fully compatible with our measures of domestic regulation governing distribution of alcoholic beverages.
Our GATS commitments are not in conflict with our highly responsible regulation of distribution of alcoholic beverages.
The EU and the
GATS/DDA round - EU’s initial offerThe EU presented its DDA initial offer in April 2003. Public Consultation Process. The EU has made a very significant offer on distribution services, among other sectors. But we have left unchanged the existing
GATS/DDA round -
The EU and the DDA round - Initial requestsAccording to the GATS procedures, initial requests
Wrap upThe EU is committed to regulate effectively the distribution of alcohol beverages, in order to protect public interests. ...And to promote liberalisation of trade in services on a multilateral basis (WTO/GATS). …Respecting the right of WTO Members to regulate. These objectives are not in conflict and are fully trade liberalisation and respect domestic regulation.
Dossiers: Suchtmittelwerbung; Alcopops; Absinth; WTO - GATS; Alkoholkonsum Jugendlicher; Alkohol und Verkehr / Drink Driving; Wein (Alkohol) sei (mässig genossen) gesund; Sport und Alkohol; Strukturelle Prävention; NPA (Nationales Programm Alkohol); botellón
Hermann T. Meyer, Projekte und Dienstleistungen, Lindenstr. 32, CH-8307
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