Alkoholpolitik und Volksgesundheit

Reducing the legal blood alcohol concentration limit for driving in developing countries: a time for change? Results and implications derived from a time series analysis (2001-2010) conducted in Brazil

Freitag 3. Juni 2011 von htm

Aims: In Brazil, a new law introduced in 2008 has lowered the blood alcohol concentration limit for drivers from 0.06 to 0.02, but the effectiveness in reducing traffic accidents remains uncertain. This study evaluated the effects of this enactment on road traffic fatalities and injuries…
Measurements: Data on injuries and deaths caused by road traffic accidents in both regions were collected from January 2001 to June 2010, comprising a total of 1,417,087 injuries and 51,561 fatalities.
Findings: The new traffic law was responsible for significant reductions in traffic injuries and fatalities rates in both localities (P < 0.05). A stronger effect was observed for traffic fatalities (-7.2 and -16.0% in the average monthly rate in the State and capital, respectively) compared to traffic injuries rates (-1.8 and -2.3% in the State and capital, respectively). Conclusions: Lowering the blood alcohol concentration limit in Brazil had a greater impact on traffic fatalities than injuries, with a higher effect in the capital where presumably the police enforcement was enhanced. Comment: Effectiveness uncertain? But „responsible for significant reductions in traffic injuries and fatalities rates in both localities“. ?

Kategorie: Allgemein, Driving under the Influence, Global, morbidity, mortality, Prevention, Research, Statistics | Keine Kommentare »

French to crack down on drunk driving, speed on roads

Samstag 21. Mai 2011 von htm

New Swiss road safety review shows men 18-24 at risk for serious accidents caused by speed, alcohol.
French road safety officials meeting in Paris 11 May agreed to a series of radical changes to crack down on speeders and drunk drivers, shortly after April figures were released that show a sharp increase in road fatalities. Poland had the highest number of road deaths of any European country in 2009, Eurostat figures show, with more than 4,500 people killed, but France was second, with 4,273, followed by Italy with just over 4,000.
France has a population eight times greater than Switzerland, but the number of road deaths in 2009 was about 12 times greater, with 349 people dying in Swiss road accidents that year. Stiffer penalties, more prevention has worked in Switzerland, experts say. … (Source: Alcohol Reports, 5/17/11) genevalunch.com, 5/11/11

Kategorie: Allgemein, consumption, Driving under the Influence, Global, mortality, Parliaments / Governments, Politics, Prevention, societal effects, Statistics, Youth | Keine Kommentare »

For Drivers Who Persist In Driving While Intoxicated

Sonntag 22. November 2009 von htm

Driving while impaired (DWI) contributes significantly to road-traffic crashes, and is involved in more than one-third of all fatalities. Many DWI recidivists – drinking drivers who re-offend – do not participate in mandated alcohol-evaluation and intervention programs or else continue to drink problematically after their licenses have been re-issued. A comparison of the effects of two interventions on DWI recidivists with alcohol problems found that one – Brief Motivational Interviewing (BMI) – was more effective. (Source: Medical News Today, 11/21/09)

Kategorie: Allgemein, Driving under the Influence, Global, Prevention, Research, Statistics, Youth | Keine Kommentare »

USA: Truck Crashes Way Down Since Alcohol Testing Began

Donnerstag 8. Oktober 2009 von htm

There have been 23-percent fewer alcohol-related truck crashes per mile in the U.S. since commercial truck drivers were required to submit to alcohol testing beginning in 1995. In fact, the rate of alcohol-related crashes resulting in fatalities is now about the same among commercial truckers as it is among commercial pilots. The rate of fatal crashes per mile traveled for motor carriers has „decreased significantly,“ according to researcher Guohua Li of Columbia University. (Source: Join Together, 10/7/09)

Kategorie: Allgemein, Driving under the Influence, Global, Prevention, Research, Statistics, Workplace | Keine Kommentare »

Houston, USA, Plagued by Drunk Driving Deaths

Mittwoch 24. Juni 2009 von htm

Houston’s Harris County has the highest rate of drunk-driving fatalities among populous counties in the U.S., and issues about 10,000 drunk-driving citations annually, in what District Attorney Pat Lykos termed a „pandemic plague“ of alcohol-related problems on local roads. (Source: Join Together, 6/22/09)

Add to Technorati Favorites
Add to Mr.Wong

Kategorie: Allgemein, Driving under the Influence, Global | Keine Kommentare »

US Economist Calls ‚Zero Tolerance‘ Laws Ineffective

Donnerstag 7. Mai 2009 von htm

Mandating drunk-driving charges against young drivers with any detectable amount of alcohol in their bodies has had no effect on the number of alcohol-related crashes or fatalities in the states where they have been implemented, according to a new study from a Sam Houston State University economics expert. Economics professor Darren Grant drew his conclusions from an analysis of 30,000 fatalities in nighttime crashes involving drivers under age 21, comparing data from states with zero-tolerance laws to those without such laws. (Source: Join Together, 5/5/09)

Add to Technorati Favorites

Kategorie: Allgemein, Driving under the Influence, Global, Prevention, Research, Statistics, Youth | Keine Kommentare »

Powered by Gb-rugs.com - Rugs & Carpets

Get Adobe Flash player