Alkoholpolitik und Volksgesundheit

To drink or not to drink: Motives and expectancies for use and nonuse in adolescence

Sonntag 5. Juni 2011 von htm

Drinking motives have a prominent role in cognitive models of adolescent and adult alcohol decision-making … The complementary construct of motivation not to drink has received less attention. …
We examined how abstinence motives interacted with drinking motives and alcohol expectancies to predict alcohol consumption in samples of US high school students (N > 2,500).
Nondrinking motives predicted lower rates of lifetime and current alcohol use. Motives not to drink interacted with specific drinking motives, like social and coping motives, and alcohol expectancies to predict certain aspects of drinking behavior. For example, motives not to drink had the greatest impact on youth with weaker social motivations.
Findings highlight the distinction between motives not to drink and other alcohol-related cognitions in predicting adolescent alcohol consumption.
This work not only supports the utility of this construct in developing models of youth alcohol-related decision-making but also has implications for prevention programming. (Source: Alcohol Reports, 06/04/11)

Kategorie: Allgemein, consumption, Education, Global, Health, Prevention, Publications, Research, Statistics, Workplace, Youth | Keine Kommentare »

EU: Commission eyes behaviour research to ´road-test´ consumer policy

Samstag 20. November 2010 von htm

On 22 November, top international researchers, EU policy makers and consumer advocates are gathering in Brussels for the conference „Behavioural Economics: So What? Should Policy Makers Care“. A major pilot study on consumer decision-making in retail investment serviceswill be presented and will feed into the debate.
The conference looks at possible concrete applications of behavioural consumer research in testing, optimising and streamlining consumer policies.
The key questions to be tackled include: *
– What behavioural economics call tell us about consumers that economic models or surveys cannot?
– Are there relevant examples where the behavioural approach has significantly improved the effectiveness of policy
– Which key factors influence consumer decisions?
The Behavioural Economics conference can be followed live via web streaming from the conference site. The site also
includes the detailed programme of the conference sessions and the press programme.

Kategorie: Advertising, Alcohol industry, Allgemein, Education, Events, Global, Konsumhaltung, Parliaments / Governments, Politics, Prevention, Research, Training | Keine Kommentare »

Alcohol Increases Reaction Time And Errors During Decision Making

Samstag 23. Oktober 2010 von htm

There has been an abundance of research on the effects of alcohol on the brain, but many questions regarding how alcohol impairs the built-in control systems are still unknown. A new study released in the January 2011 issue of Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research, which is currently available at Early View, explores that subject in detail and found that certain brain regions involved in error processing are affected more by alcohol than others. (Source: Medical News Today, 10/21/10)

Kategorie: Allgemein, Global, Health, Research | Keine Kommentare »

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