Alkoholpolitik und Volksgesundheit

TOP NEWS: USA: Buzz kills. No amount of alcohol safe to drive

Dienstag 21. Juni 2011 von htm

In the United States, the blood-alcohol limit may be 0.08 percent, but no amount of alcohol seems to be safe for driving, according to a University of California, San Diego sociologist. A study led by David Phillips and published in the journal Addiction finds that blood-alcohol levels well below the U.S. legal limit are associated with incapacitating injury and death.
Phillips, with coauthor Kimberly M. Brewer, also of UC San Diego, examined official data from the Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS). This dataset includes information on all persons in the U.S. who were involved in fatal car accidents – 1,495,667 people in the years 1994 to 2008. The researchers used FARS because it is nationally comprehensive, covering all U.S. counties, all days of the week and all times of day, and, perhaps most important, reports on blood-alcohol content in increments of 0.01.
All the accidents included in FARS are, by definition, severe. But the authors looked at different levels of accident severity by examining the ratio of severe injuries to minor ones.
„Accidents are 36.6 percent more severe even when alcohol was barely detectable in a driver’s blood,“ Phillips said. Even with a BAC of 0.01, Phillips and Brewer write, there are 4.33 serious injuries for every non-serious injury versus 3.17 for sober drivers.
… We hope that our study might influence not only U.S. legislators, but also foreign legislators, in providing empirical evidence for lowering the legal BAC even more,“ Phillips said. „Doing so is very likely to reduce incapacitating injuries and to save lives.“ (Source: Alcohol Reports, 06/20/11) eurekalert.org, 06/20/11

Kategorie: Allgemein, consumption, Driving under the Influence, Global, morbidity, mortality, Politics, Prevention, Research, safe level, societal effects, Statistics | Keine Kommentare »

New Zealand: Drink Driving — Time for Action

Freitag 29. Oktober 2010 von htm

„In August, the Government ruled out lowering the blood-alcohol limit from 80mg per 100ml of blood to 50mg, despite unambiguous advice from its officials that such a move would significantly reduce the number of people killed by drunk drivers. The Transport Ministry says that reducing the level could save 33 lives, prevent up to 680 injuries and save up to $238 million every year. The ‚could‘ is the important word here, of course: the figures are based not on research conducted in this country, but extrapolated from an aggregation of more than 300 international studies and from the experience of other developed countries that have cut the limit… Yet, in line with the Key administration’s policy of never making a move without scenting the air, the Government has gutlessly decided it will wait for New Zealand-specific research before making a call. That will take two years: before the research can even begin. (Source: Harvard World Health News, 10/28/10) The New Zealand Herald, October 24, 2010 Comment: It is unbelievable that there are still some few countries, that keep to the old limit. Those governments should be accused for murder.

Kategorie: Allgemein, Driving under the Influence, Global, Parliaments / Governments, Politics, Prevention, Research | Keine Kommentare »

Legal Blood-Alcohol Limit to be Lowered in Quebec

Dienstag 15. Dezember 2009 von htm

Quebec will be joining the rest of Canada by lowering its legal blood-alcohol level for motorists from 0.08 percent to 0.05 percent. The decision is in line with the Quebec Road Safety Task Force’s recent recommendations. The move also came on the heels of the death of seven people in car accidents over one weekend in Quebec. (Source: Join Together, 12/14/09)

Kategorie: Allgemein, Driving under the Influence, Global, Parliaments / Governments, Politics, Prevention, Youth | Keine Kommentare »

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