Alkoholpolitik und Volksgesundheit

Russians need good wine, not vodka – Medvedev

Montag 29. August 2011 von htm

Russia’s winemaking industry should be developed to help tackle widespread alcohol abuse, President Dmitry Medvedev said on Monday.
“Winemaking is one of the branches that should be developed and contribute to the eradication of alcoholism. Countries where this branch is strong, have no problems with alcohol abuse,” the president said at a meeting with the governor of Russia’s southern Krasnodar Territory, Alexander Tkachev. Medvedev said problems with alcohol abuse stem from “other drinks.” … (Source: Alcohol Reports, 08/27/11) Comment: Wine producing countries have no alcohol-problem. Very funny.

Kategorie: Addiction, Alcohol industry, Allgemein, Global, Health, morbidity, mortality, Parliaments / Governments, Personalities, Politics, Prevention, societal effects | Keine Kommentare »

Researchers Study How Excess Alcohol Depresses Immune Function

Dienstag 23. August 2011 von htm

Alcoholism suppresses the immune system, resulting in a high risk of serious, and even life-threatening infections. A new study shows that this effect stems largely from alcohol’s toxicity to immune system cells called dendritic cells. These cells play a critical role in immune function, responding to danger signals by searching for unfamiliar antigens within the body that would be coming from invading microbes, and presenting such antigens to T cells, thus activating them to seek and destroy cells containing these antigens. The research is published in the July 2011 issue of the journal Clinical and Vaccine Immunology. … (Source: Alcohol Reports – News, 08/22/11) infectioncontroltoday.com, 08/9/11

Kategorie: Allgemein, consumption, Global, Health, Research | Keine Kommentare »

Effects of Alcoholism and Continued Abstinence on Brain Volumes in Both Genders

Dienstag 24. Mai 2011 von htm

Background:  Alcohol abuse has detrimental effects on cerebral function, metabolism, and volume. Some of these effects were found to be at least partially reversible with continued abstinence. Furthermore, it has been reported that there are different effects of alcohol on brain volumes for women compared with men, but the results concerning the interaction between alcohol dependence and gender are inconsistent. …
Results:  Global cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) volume was increased and WM and GM volume decreased equally in male and female patients. A gender by diagnosis interaction was found neither for global nor for regional volumes or VBM data. VBM whole brain analysis yielded a significant GM volume loss in the patient group in the cingulate gyrus and the insula in both hemispheres. Region of interest analysis for the initial and 3 months follow-up scans yielded significant gains in regional volumes, particularly the cingulate gyrus and the insula in the group of abstinent patients, whereas no volume change at all is found in the patients who had relapsed.
Conclusions:  Our study confirms widespread cerebral volume loss in recently detoxified alcoholics. The effects of alcohol dependence seem to have equally adverse effects on brain morphometry in males and females. (Source: Alcohol Reports, 5/23/11) onlinelibrary.wiley.com, 5/20/11

Kategorie: Addiction, adults, Allgemein, Gender, Global, Health, Research, Treatment | Keine Kommentare »

N: Alcohol: the scourge of the North

Mittwoch 2. März 2011 von htm

Alcohol must be made less accessible and more expensive to minimize public health damage, according to Norwegian MP and former Minister of Health Dagfinn Høybråten, speaking at the Second Northern Dimension Parliamentary Forum in Tromsø on February 22nd. The Nordic countries set the agenda in the global fight against alcoholism, he claims.
Alcohol is the second biggest life style related killer in the developed world and we need to change that, Mr. Høybråten said.
– Higher prices and less access to alcohol has been proven to minimize alcohol consumption. Campaigns and education cannot do it alone. Upwards of 600.000 Europeans die annually from alcohol related causes. And nine million children are affected by alcoholism. … (Source: Alcohol Reports, 02/28/11) norden.org, 02/23/11

Kategorie: Addiction, Alcohol taxes, Allgemein, Availability, Children, consumption, Education, Global, Health, mortality, Parliaments / Governments, Personalities, Politics, Prevention, Price | Keine Kommentare »

Alcoholism: Is It All in the Genes?

Dienstag 1. März 2011 von htm

We know alcoholism runs in families — children with alcoholic parents have quadruple the risk of developing a drinking problem later in life than those without — but is the link genetic or the result of other influences?
According to a Feb. 8 Wall Street Journal article outlining the evidence for „alcoholism genes,“ it is probably both. Researchers from the Collaborative Study on the Genetics of Alcoholism, a 22-year National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) investigation into the relationship between DNA and alcoholism, have put together compelling evidence from family studies indicating the problem has roots in nature versus nurture. … (Source: Join Together, 02/28/11)

Kategorie: Addiction, Allgemein, Children, Global, Parents, Research, Statistics | Keine Kommentare »

NZ: Alcohol Report Indicates Brewing Troubles

Dienstag 1. März 2011 von htm

As per the findings of the Victorian Alcohol Statistics Report, the number of alcohol-related violence and brawls has experienced a sharp rise over the period between 1999 and 2007. …
Now with the released results of the much-awaited report, experts are in quest to find the magic bullets to curb the menace of alcoholism.
Mary Wooldridge, the Minister for the State Mental Health and Community Services, asserted: „This is the most comprehensive, detailed analysis of the impact of alcohol across the state, it’s critical for developing solutions“. … Expressing his unrest and disbelief over figures, the Director for Turning Point, Professor Dan Lubman said that the report is the wake-up call for authorities as well as the people to realize what havoc the alcohol is playing. (Source: Google Alcohol News, 02/28/11) topnews.net.nz, 02/28/11

Kategorie: Addiction, Alerts, Allgemein, consumption, Global, Health, mortality, Parliaments / Governments, Politics, Prevention, Publications, Research, Watchdogs | Keine Kommentare »

Drinking Reduces Heart Problems, But Beware Of Alcoholism

Donnerstag 24. Februar 2011 von htm

Having a drink or two a day actually does in fact decrease the risk of heart disease compared to those committed to a life of sobriety a new study shows. Persons who drink are 14 to 25% less likely to develop cardiovascular conditions compared to those who drink no alcohol at all. Of course a balance needs to be found between the public health message that consuming large amounts of alcohol is bad for you, and the one that drinking in moderation can have health benefits. Up to one drink a day for women, and one to two drinks a day for men should be the „norm“ in most cases.
However the studies point out that alcoholism is a disabling addictive disorder. It is characterized by compulsive and uncontrolled consumption of alcohol despite its negative effects on the drinker’s health, relationships, and social standing. (Source: Medical News Today, 02/23/11) our Online-Comment: For some years resveratrol has been the stuff which brings the positive effects of alcoholic drinks. Now it is alcohol in general. Did the alcohol industry succeed to have all alcoholic beverages united in the successful meta analysis? The high number of included studies remembers me the meta analysis by Kaye Fillmore who showed that most of the studies were not correct. Other studies showed other faults. It’s amazing how this Dr. Ghali propagates alcohol.
It is clear the industry needs a counterbalance to the efforts made by the WHO.

Kategorie: Addiction, Alcohol industry, Allgemein, Global, Health, Prevention, Research, WHO | Keine Kommentare »

In Search of Alcoholism Genes

Freitag 11. Februar 2011 von htm

Identifying Links to Drinking May Lead to Drug Treatments Tailored to Your DNA.
Millions of Americans know all too painfully that alcoholism runs in families.
Children of alcoholic parents are four times as likely to develop drinking problems as the general population. Sons of alcoholic fathers face up to nine times the usual risk. Even babies of alcoholics adopted into non-drinking homes have nearly the same risk of alcoholism as they would if they’d stayed with their biological parents, studies have shown.
But untangling just which genes pass along the predisposition for problem drinking is devilishly difficult—largely because alcoholism itself is so complex. Genes that affect how fast the liver metabolizes alcohol and how the brain reacts to stress, reward and pleasure have all been implicated, as have genes for anxiety and depression. Some overlap with genes for nicotine, cocaine and other addictions. … Source: Alcohol Reports, 02/07/11) online.wsj.com, 02/08/11

Kategorie: Addiction, adults, Allgemein, Children, consumption, Global, Health, Parents, Prevention, Publications, Research, Statistics, Youth | Keine Kommentare »

USA: Family History of Alcoholism Ups Obesity Risk

Freitag 14. Januar 2011 von htm

A family history of alcoholism could make people more likely to overindulge on junk food, Reuters reported Dec. 31. To assess whether familial alcohol dependence was linked to obesity, Washington University School of Medicine (WUSM) researchers compared national survey data on obesity and addiction from 1991-1992 with data from 2001-2002. Roughly 80,000 U.S. adults completed the surveys.
Based on the 2001-2002 data, women who reported having an alcoholic parent or sibling had a 49% higher risk of obesity than women with no family history of alcoholism — a much higher association than that shown in 1991-1992. …(Source: Join Together, 01/13/11)

Kategorie: Addiction, Allgemein, Global, Health, Parents, Research, Statistics | Keine Kommentare »

Chilean Scientists Develop First Vaccine Against Alcoholism

Freitag 7. Januar 2011 von htm

If tests on humans are successful, one jab a month would keep patients away from the toxic sauce known as alcohol.
Chilean scientists derived the vaccine from a genetic mutation present in 20% of the Asian population; those with the mutation in their genes reacted so violently to alcohol, that it inhibits addiction, according to Juan Asenjo head of the project. The Chilean scientists in essence tried to replicate that gene in a vaccine.
The vaccine is expected to augment dizziness, nausea and other adverse effects of alcohol, “With the vaccine, the desire to drink is going to be minimal, due to the sharpness of the effects” said the physician. (Source: Alcohol Reports, 01/07/11) hispanicallyspeakingnews.com, 01/06/11

Kategorie: Addiction, Allgemein, Global, Health, Research, Treatment | Keine Kommentare »

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