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Alkoholpolitik und Volksgesundheit

Newsletter April – May 2010 – e –

Montag 31. Mai 2010 von htm

www.alkoholpolitik.ch Newsletter April/May 2010 (issued 05/31/10)

Dear English speaking reader, dear friends,

I am glad to send you examples of the new entries on my website. See the website for more entries.
After modernising the website we had to alter the look of this newsletter too. We have split the articles in two separate language newsletters, German and English. With a mouseclick on the titles you come to the original article where you find also the links to the source. We hope to meet your requirements. It is now much shorter and better to read. Anyhow we are willing to improve it when you give us a feedback with proposals. Please check, if you have included our address in your list of accepted addresses that your SPAM-filter doesn’t exclude our newsletter.

2635 articles in 106 categories and with 6898 main expressions (tags) since 1/1/2009.

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In order to make the e-mail lighter we only send the Word.doc- version.

Kind regards
Yours Hermann T. Meyer

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Introduction to E-Mail-Newsletter

At its sixty-third World Health Assembly, the 193 Member States of the World Health Organization have adopted, in a consensus vote, the eagerly awaited Global Strategy to Reduce the Harmful Use of Alcohol. It is a great success in a long fight for public health. But it is only the beginning. As far as I can see the alcohol lobby has applied pressure on the medias not to inform about this resolution. Only very few newspapers have reported. That’s freedom of the press. They use their power  to keep the people uninformed that it cannot fight for a better life with less harm from alcohol. It must be avoided that the people understands that we are all passive drinkers who have to be responsible changing the situation by implementing this resolution in the countries. How can they ever compensate this unmoral behavior? Being co-responsible for thousands of deaths, injured, raped persons in connection with alcohol, for millions of children living with alcohol dependant parents?

Now it is the best time for professional prevention institutions to take up this “through pass” and inform the people about their role as passive drinkers. Of course there are other institutions too, which should help informing: Churches, social welfare NGO’s, teacher organizations, medical staff organizations, youth organizations, etc. This website is a small contribution on that long way.

And: The Swiss, German and Austrian Health Ministries have not mentioned so far this WHO-Resolution, although they have signed it….

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TOP NEWS

Eurocare welcomes Global Alcohol Strategy by the WHO – 23. Mai 2010
Geneva, 20 June 2010. At its sixty-third World Health Assembly, the 193 Member States of the World Health Organization have adopted, in a consensus vote, the eagerly awaited Global Strategy to Reduce the Harmful Use of Alcohol. In the two-hour long debate at the Assembly, all member states acknowledged the harmful use of alcohol as a major public health issue. In the many member state interventions, delegates pointed to the global aspects of the problem and requested that alcohol problems receive a higher priority at the WHO and that more resources be allocated to address those problems and to implement the new global strategy. …  (Source: Eurocare, 5/23/10)

WHO: Global Strategy to Reduce Harmful Use of Alcohol – 22. Mai 2010
The global strategy to reduce the harmful use of alcohol was adopted by consensus at the annual assembly of the World Health Organisation (WHO) on Thursday 20 May. According to news agency Reuters health ministers agreed to try to curb binge drinking and other growing forms of excessive alcohol use through higher taxes on alcoholic drinks and tighter marketing regulations. The WHO estimates that risks linked to alcohol cause 2.5 million deaths a year from heart and liver disease, road accidents, suicides and various cancers — 3.8 percent of all deaths. It is the third leading risk factor for premature deaths and disabilities worldwide. The global strategy is available in the documentation from the World Health Assembly here: http://apps.who.int/gb/e/e_wha63.html (A63/13)  The revised text of the resolution will be available on the same web page shortly. The original version recommended by the WHO Executive Board (EB126.R11) is available here: http://apps.who.int/gb/e/e_eb126.html#Resolutions

WHO-Resolution approved: It seeks ban on alcohol discounts – 21. Mai 2010
WHO seeks bans on alcohol discounts in anti-abuse. The World Health Organisation on Thursday said it made a “breakthrough” against alcohol abuse. – The World Health Organisation is calling for discounts on drinks to be banned and for advertising targeting young people to be scrapped as part of a strategy to cut alcohol abuse approved on Thursday.
The strategy drawn up by the UN health agency and approved by its 193-member states at an annual meeting of health ministers also pushes for an end to flat rates for unlimited drinking and for sponsorship to be regulated.With some 320,000 young people aged 15 to 29 years dying from alcohol-related causes in 2004, the strategy took aim at the marketing of beverages which contributes to getting young people hooked.
“The transmission of alcohol marketing messages across national borders and jurisdictions on channels such as satellite television and the Internet, and sponsorship of sports and cultural events is emerging as a serious concern in some countries,” it said. (Source: Harvard World Health News, 5/20/10) news.yahoo.com, 5/20/10. our Online-Comment: I am very glad about this WHO-Resolution on an alcohol-strategy. I hope that all countries which have signed it will introduce now effictive measures to follow the advice of this resolution. And I congratulate and thank all those scientists and public health professionals who have done such an extreemly good job. This milestone in public health history should be the beginning of a more worthy life for millions of people now and in the future.

4th European Alcohol Policy Conference ‘From Capacity to Action’ – 12. Mai 2010
21 – 22 June 2010 in Brussels. The purpose of the conference is to promote and disseminate knowledge about current thinking on alcohol and alcohol policy matters; to build capacity and to promote networking and coalition building between and within the European countries. The main aim of the conference is to stimulate action in alcohol policy.
The conference is organized by Eurocare (European Alcohol Policy Alliance) under the patronage of Her Royal Highness Princess Astrid of Belgium and it is co-financed by the European Commission and co-sponsored by the WHO (World Health Organization). The conference location, in the heart of the European Union, will provide a unique opportunity to involve a wider audience and engage in dialogue with policy makers at the European level. (Source: Eurocare, Programme)

GLOBAL

4th European Alcohol Policy Conference 5/21–22/10, Brussels – 29. Mai 2010
Invitation for the workshop on alcohol marketing on 22 June 11.00- 13.00
Items: “How to pave the way for effective regulation of alcohol marketing in Europe”
– What theory tells us about effective alcohol marketing regulations
– Keeping up appearances (Comparing evidence based evaluations with monitoring exercises of the industry)
– The Loi Evin in theory and practice
– Talking about an alcohol marketing ban….why not? (Elaborating about juridical obstacles for an alcohol marketing ban in Europe.) (Source: FASE (Focus on Alcohol Safe Environment)

Soon, higher taxes to curb binge drinking in India – 28. Mai 2010
NEW DELHI: India will soon crack the whip on binge drinking through higher taxes and tighter marketing regulations against alcoholic products.For the first time, delegations from all 193 member states of the World Health Organization reached consensus at the World Health Assembly on a resolution to confront the abuse of alcohol. …India has a lot to worry about as far as alcohol consumption is concerned. The average age of alcohol consumption in the country has fallen by nearly nine years over the past decade. At present, on an average, Indians take their first sip of alcohol at the age of 19 compared to 28 in the 1990s. Studies now say that in another 5-7 years, a majority of Indians will start consuming alcohol at the age of 15.Nearly 62.5 million people in India at present drink alcohol with the per capita consumption being around four litres per adult per year. For every six men, one woman drinks alcohol in India. Over 40% of road crashes occur in India during the night, with one-third of them being due to drunk driving. (Source: Harvard World Health News, 5/27/10) timesofindia, 5/23/10

English drinking less alcohol, but deaths are rising – 28. Mai 2010
Fewer children are abusing booze but deaths are rising as north-south drinks divide opens in England.Deaths from alcohol in England climbed to 6,769 in 2008, liver disease was the most common cause. Fatalities have risen by 24% since 2001. The figures, revealing a surge in prescriptions for medicines to treat alcoholism and a slight decrease in overall consumption, suggest that awareness of the health dangers and, possibly, the recession may be having some impact…. (Source: Harvard World Health News, 5/27/10) guardian.co.uk, 5/26/10

Many People Struggling To Cope With Hangovers In Britain – 27. Mai 2010
Over 520,000 people in the United Kingdom arrive at work with a hangover each day, according to a study carried out by Drinkaware, a UK charity…The study, released today, shows that the average Brit goes to work suffering the after effects of excessive alcohol three times monthly. Of those who admit to being hung over, 17% confess to struggling to keep on top of their workload and to making mistakes. 7% of people with a hangover say they had to leave work early because they did not feel well enough to carry on.
With the World Cup football (soccer) tournament starting next month, Drinkaware believes these figures will spike in June and July, having a direct impact on productivity throughout the country. (Source: Medical News Today, 5/26/10)

All Asian-Americans Not Equal When it Comes to Alcohol .. – 27. Mai 2010
..and Other Drug Use. In general, alcohol and other drug use is lower among Asians than most other ethnic groups in the U.S. But there are some strong differences in drinking and drug use among various Asian-American communities, a new report finds. (…) Overall, however, the rates of past-month alcohol use, binge drinking, illicit drug use, and need for addiction treatment is far lower for Asians than the national average. The Substance Use Among Asian Adults report is available on the SAMHSA website. (Source: Join Together, 5/26/10)

USA: Burger King Selling Beer in South Beach – 27. Mai 2010
The Whopper Bar in Miami’s South Beach is exactly what it sounds like — a place where you can get a beer along with your Burger King sandwich. The new fast-food concept opened in February — it’s the first BK to sell alcohol in the U.S., though a couple of similar outlets are operating overseas.USA Today reported that the Whopper Bar serves Anheuser-Busch and MillerCoors beverages in aluminum bottles for $4.25 each, or $7.99 with a Whopper combo. The move is seen — surprise, surprise — as an attempt to attract younger customers. “The Burger King customer is aging,” said Linda Lipsky, a restaurant consultant, “they’re just trying to grow up with the customer.” (Source: Join Together-Blog, 5/26/10)

USA: Charge for Harm – Taxes and Fees – 27. Mai 2010
Marin Institute’s Charge for Harm campaign aims to hold Big Alcohol accountable for the tremendous harm its products cause. Appropriately taxing alcohol in each state and at the federal level will help reduce over-consumption, as well as provide much-needed funds for prevention and health care. Marin Institute highlights the various efforts states are engaged in to increase taxes and fees. See list of states that currently charge for harm.
Marin Institute has published two new colored-coded maps that illustrate the gross negligence of beer taxes, state by state. (Source: Marin Institute, 5/25/10

Alcohol Is the Name of the Game – 27. Mai 2010
Anheuser-Busch InBev leaves no stone unturned in its advertising efforts to get you to think ‘alcohol,’ or more importantly, to think of their products when you think ‘alcohol’. Our collective subconscious may take another hit from their advertising assaults if the company’s latest ploy becomes a reality: the naming of a newly built amphitheater in downtown Raleigh, North Carolina as the ‘Bud Light Amphitheater’. (Source: Marin Institute, 5/25/10

Canada: Banff booze banned for long weekend – 25. Mai 2010
Campers cannot possess or consume liquor during the Victoria Day long weekend in Banff, Yoho and Kootenay national parks. Parks Canada is banning booze from May 21 at 7 a.m. MT to May 24 at noon in front-country campgrounds in the national parks. The ban comes after complaints about rowdy campers, and follows the lead of provincial parks in Alberta. (Source: Google alcohol news, 5/24/10) cbc.ca, 5/12/10

Canada: Vodka in Skull Bottle Faces Ban – 25. Mai 2010
A premium vodka sold in a bottle shaped like a skull has been banned from sale in Ontario, Canada, where officials are concerned that the packaging could appeal to children, the Toronto Globe and Mail reported May 18. Crystal Head Vodka, created by Canadian actor Dan Akyroyd, was rejected by the Liquor Control Board of Ontario — a semipublic entity with limited regulatory powers and a monopoly on retail liquor sales in Ontario. (Source: Join Together, 5/21/10)

USA: Alcohol Firms Tap New Media to Reach Young Drinkers 25. Mai 2010
Adolescents are being bombarded with alcohol marketing online as firms exploit new-media tools and lax regulation to put their brand images and information in front of young drinkers, according to a new report. HealthDay News reported May 19 that American University professor Kathryn Montgomery — author of the report, Alcohol Marketing in the Digital Age (PDF) — said that alcohol is being sold through “a multiplicity of platforms throughout the day and night that includes online, offline, mobile, digital, music, video — a whole range of different ways that consumers interact with new digital marketing.” (Source: Join Together, 5/21/10) our online-comment: Ridiculous is the fact that we allow an industry at all to advertise and promote their products which …

European Alcohol and Health Forum, Brussels – 22. Mai 2010
Fifth Meeting of the Science Group of the European Alcohol and Health Forum, Brussels, 19 October 2009 – Summary report available

Traffic Safety, Alcohol And Drugs: International Meeting – 22. Mai 2010
In Oslo 22 – 26 August 2010. In August 2010, researchers and experts on drugs, alcohol and medicines will take part in the T2010 conference, the tri-annual meeting of the International Council on Alcohol, Drugs and Traffic Safety (ICADTS). This year’s meeting is being hosted by the Norwegian Institute of Public Health. (Source: Medical News Today, 5/21/10)

France Struggles to Cope with Youth Binge Drinking – 22. Mai 2010
The alcohol-related death of a young attendee at a viral public-drinking party has left France to confront its growing problem with binge drinking. A 21-year-old attending a “giant aperitif” party in Nantes fell off a bridge after consuming 10 to 15 drinks; he later died. The party and resulting tragedy have focused public attention on drinking behavior that strays outside the classic Gallic norm of a glass of wine over dinner.
Up to 10,000 people showed up in Nantes to drink heavily and publicly in a party organized via Facebook. Similar events also have been held in the cities of Montpellier, Brest, and Rennes. “We cannot just let this go,” said Nantes mayor Jean-Marc Ayrault. “They are putting people’s lives in danger. It’s dreadful. I think this phenomenon has to stop. There’s nothing celebratory about it; it’s rather squalid.”Radio commentator Eric Zemmour said that the giant aperitifs represented “mass adaptations of English-style binge drinking.” Another of the parties is scheduled for May 23 under the shadow of the Eiffel Tower; a crowd of 50,000 is expected. (Source: Join Together, 5/20/10)

Minnesota, USA, Expands DWI Penalties and Programs – 22. Mai 2010
Minnesota Gov. Tim Pawlenty has signed into a law a series of reforms to the state DWI code, including broader sanctions and a few opportunities for new and repeat offenders. Effective July 1, 2011, drivers found with a 0.16 percent or higher blood alcohol concentration (BAC) must install ignition interlock systems – devices that require the driver to have less than a .02 BAC in order to start their vehicle – or face license suspensions of one to six years. Persons with three or more infractions in a ten-year period would be required to have an interlock for monitoring and prevention, or not drive at all. (Source: Join Together, 5/20/10)

Guns-in-Bars Bill Vetoed in Tennessee, USA – 22. Mai 2010
Saying that “guns and alcohol don’t mix,” Tennessee Gov. Phil Bredesen has vetoed a measure that would have allowed individuals with concealed-carry permits to bring their weapons into bars and restaurants that serve alcohol. The state legislature is expected to override the veto, however.
Bredesen vetoed a similar measure last year and was overridden by lawmakers, but state courts struck the measure down, saying its language was too vague. A redrafted bill was introduced this year. (Source: Join Together, 5/20/10)

World Health Assembly Resolution: Global Strategy to Reduce the Harmful Use of Alcohol – 21. Mai 2010
On the 20th of May, the World Health Assembly passed a resolution that endorsed a Global Strategy to Reduce the Harmful Use of Alcohol. The strategy highlights the effectiveness of focusing on evidence-based policies regarding pricing, availability and marketing of alcoholic beverages.
When addressing alcohol marketing, the strategy describes the need to limit the volume of alcohol marketing in order to decrease alcohol-related harm. Additionally, alcohol advertising appealing to youth is a serious issue mentioned. International marketing techniques and advertising and sponsorship of alcohol in various new media is mentioned as a significant concern in some countries. The strategy addresses, in particular, the potential harmful effects to young people in lower and middle-inclime countries with a current low prevalence of alcohol consumption or high abstinence rates. (Source: eucam.info, 5/21/10)

The Battle to Stop Drink from Destroying Uganda – 21. Mai 2010
Tusingwire Patrick is slouched in a chair at the Victory Rehabilitation Center on the outskirts of Kampala, recalling his time as a maker of homemade banana gin. “I knew it could be dangerous, but I didn’t know it could kill so many people,” says the 34-year-old former primary school teacher.
Patrick is referring to the more than 100 people who have died in western Uganda since early April after ingesting a methanol-laced version of a homemade gin known as waragi. The popular drink, easy to make and cheap to buy, has been blamed for causing blindness and death before, but never so many in such a short span of time. Illegal production of hard liquor is a problem across much of Africa, but it may be worst in Uganda. (Source: Harvard World Health News, 5/20/10) time.com, 5/19/10 Comment: This alcohol problem may also destroy many results in development aid.

Liquor Wholesalers in Congress Want to Ban Wine Shipments – 20. Mai 2010
The threat of underage drinking and overconsumption of alcohol are among the reasons cited by backers of a bill in Congress that would ban direct shipments of wine to consumers. Skeptics said the real reason for the measure is that alcohol distributors want to protect a lucrative part of their business.
Currently, 38 states allow at least some wine to be shipped directly to consumers. Wineries have supported such legislation at the state level. “This is an anti-consumer bill,” said Marty Clubb, owner of the L’Ecole No. 41 winery in Lowden, Wash. “This is about wholesalers trying to entrench their monopoly.” (Source: Join Together, 5/19/10)

All Kids Should Be Screened for Alcohol, Pediatricians Say – 20. Mai 2010
The American Academy of Pediatricians (AAP) has recommended that doctors screen all of their young patients for alcohol use starting in middle school, the Wausau Daily Herald reported May 15.
The AAP Committee on Substance Abuse released a revised policy statement on youth alcohol use on May 1. “A remarkable amount of brain development is still occurring for young people through their 20s,” said report lead author Patricia Kokotailo of the University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health. “This policy statement provides better evidence about how alcohol affects the brains of young people and why it is important to screen children.”…(Source: Join Together, 5/19/10)

THE WTO OPENS ITS DOORS TO YOU … – 20. Mai 2010
On 19 September 2010, the WTO invites you to take a look behind the scenes. This is a unique opportunity to enter the world of international trade, understand the role of the organization, and meet its staff and its members. (Source: http://www.wto.org/english/news_e/news10_e/open_day10_e.htm)

Alcoholics Anonymous Marks 75th Anniversary – 20. Mai 2010
With International Convention In San Antonio. Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) celebrates 75 years of “one alcoholic talking to another” as over 40,000 AA members from around the world gather in San Antonio for the 2010 International Convention, July 1-4. (Source: Medical News Today, 5/17/10)

From the United Nations General Assembly – 14. Mai 2010
Yesterday the United Nations General Assembly decided to convene a high-level UN meeting in September 2011 on the prevention and control of non-communicable diseases. Heads of State and Government will be attending.
Thursday 13 May the UN General Assembly concluded its consideration of the agenda item 114, Follow-up to the outcome of the Millennium Summit. It passed the draft resolution A/64/L.52 introduced by the representative of Trinidad and Tobago (on behalf of the Caribbean Community). The resolution “Prevention and control of non-communicable diseases” was according to NGO reports from the meeting co-sponsored by some one hundred countries. …Download the resolution in six languages from this page: http://doc.un.org/DocBox/docbox.nsf/GetAll?OpenAgent&DS=A/64/L.52 Journal for Friday 14 May for a recapture of the General Assembly session (page 17-18).: http://www.un.org/en/documents/journal.shtml

USA: Bud Light to Replace Coors Light as NFL Beer Sponsor – 13. Mai 2010
MillerCoors has announced that it will end its sponsor relationship with the National Football League, opening the door for Anheuser-Busch’s Bud Light to become the league’s official beer. Coors Light has been the official beer of the NFL since 2002, but the league and the brewer could not come to an agreement on a price to renew the deal. (Source: Join Together, 5/12/10)

USA: Reliable Data Sources on Alcohol Harm and Analysis – 12. Mai 2010
Marin Institute has created a new resource containing links to websites that house reliable data sources you can use to find alcohol-related statistics for the U.S. and your state. (Source: Marin Institute, 5/11/10) – – – Reliable Resources

Washington Triples its State Beer Tax – 12. Mai 2010
The budget crises afflicting many states has finally caused legislators in Washington State to realize their tax rates needed an overhaul. Included in the current budget is a beer tax increase that triples the tax rate on domestic brands (micro-brews are exempt). The new beer tax adds about 28 cents on a six-pack. We estimate this increase will raise about $55.6 million per year in new revenue, allowing the state to avoid painful cuts in services. It’s time for California and other states to follow suit and increase their alcohol tax rates to help save vital programs. (Source: Marin Institute, 5/11/10)- – – Washington Governor Signs Package of Tax Hikes, 4/23/10 – – – Tax Calculator

Tragedy at University of Virginia Drenched in Alcohol Abuse – 12. Mai 2010
Our nation’s media has been flooded with reports of the brutal killing of University of Virginia senior Yeardley Love by her classmate George Huguely, both college lacrosse players who had been “in a relationship” until she broke it off several weeks ago. The tragedy adds this beautiful 22 year old to the almost 2,000 college students who will die this year as a result of violence, accidents and poisoning related to excessive drinking.
Here’s why I’m convinced that the death of campus beauty Yeardley Love is another consequence of alcohol abuse on our nation’s campuses: (Source: Chairman’s Corner, CASA Founder and Chairman Joseph A. Califano, Jr., 5/10/10

NT Sports Clubs Hit The Booze In The Best Way, Australia – 6. Mai 2010
NT: A national program aimed at reducing alcohol-related harm in sports clubs is this week being rolled out across Central Australia.
“Our Good Sports program is about working with community sporting clubs to reduce alcohol related harm – whether they have a liquor license or not – and about bringing back families to community sport” said John Rogerson CEO Australian Drug Foundation. (Source: Medical News Today, 5/5/10)

USA: Effort to Cut Mass. Alcohol Taxes Defeated – 4. Mai 2010
The Massachusetts House of Representatives has rejected Republican-led efforts to roll back a recent state sales-tax increase that included alcoholic beverages, the Associated Press reported April 27.
A pair of amendments to the state budget would have repealed the increase in the state sales tax from 5 percent to 6.25 percent, passed in 2009, and restored a previous sales-tax exemption on alcohol sales.
House lawmakers sent both proposals to study committees. (Source: Join Together, 4/29/10)

New Zealand Medical Ass. For Law Commission’s Alcohol Report – 29. April 2010
The New Zealand Medical Association (NZMA) welcomed the release of the Law Commission’s paper ‘Alcohol in Our Lives: Curbing the Harm,’ which should help our country tackle the many problems caused by excessive alcohol consumption. (Source: Medical News Today, 4/27/10)

Anti-Alcohol Ads Featuring Children Withstand Parent Protests – 29. April 2010
Parent complaints that two United Kingdom television ads featuring children discussing drinking’s negative effects would upset young viewers have failed to block the ads’ airing, the Guardian reported April 21.
The Advertising Standards Authority has authorized continuation of the ad campaign from the Department for Children, Schools and Families, which is seeking to increase awareness of how alcohol use has a detrimental effect on other decisions made by young people. In the ads, children ages 8 and older talk about having been pressured to use drugs or have sex. (Source: Join Together, 4/26/10)

Call To Extend Zero Drinking Laws For New Drivers Until Age 21 Years, Australia – 20. April 2010
Imposing a zero blood alcohol limit on drivers until the age of 21 years can significantly reduce the number of alcohol-related road crash deaths in young Australians, according to an article published in the Medical Journal of Australia. (Source: Medical News Today, 4/19/10)

Justice System Struggles with Cases Involving FASD – 19. Mai 2010
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) sometimes manifests itself as an inability to understand the consequences of one’s actions, a fact that has U.S. courts struggling to reconcile the medical science with justice in a number of criminal cases, the Chicago Tribune reported May 9.
The National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse (CASA) at Columbia University recently reported that 60 percent of Americans with FASD have had involvement with the criminal-justice system, and that the diagnosis is common among prison inmates.
However, judges, prosecutors and corrections officials know little about the disease. Few states screen offenders for FASD, and those who break the law or rules are typically seen as intransigent, not victims of their disease. People with FASD can have normal intelligence but are immature and highly open to suggestion, experts say — a mix that may make them seem more responsible for their actions than they really are. (Source: Join Together, 5/17/10)

EU: 3rd Open Forum on Alcohol and Health – 17. April 2010
Brussels, 22 April 2010 – Draft programme updated, Released: 16 April 2010

USA: State Can Ban Alcohol Ads in College Newspapers – 16. April 2010
The state of Virginia’s alcohol regulatory board was within its rights to ban college newspapers from running alcohol-related advertising, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit has ruled.
Inside Higher Ed reported April 12 that the court ruled 2-1 to reverse a lower-court decision that had favored the student newspapers at Virginia Tech and the University of Virginia. The newspapers, The Collegiate Times and the Cavalier Daily, had sued the state over the ban, which they said violated the First Amendment and would cost them $30,000 in ad revenues annually. (Source: Join Together, 4/14/10)

U.K.: Soaring levels of alcohol consumption and obesity – 16. April 2010
A report by the King’s Fund says the government has failed to curb excessive drinking. Soaring obesity levels and rapid rises in the damage caused by alcohol have blighted Labour’s 13-year record on health, according to the most comprehensive assessment of the NHS’s performance during the 13 years since Tony Blair came to power.
A major report by the independent health charity the King’s Fund, obtained by the Observer, paints a depressing picture of a nation afflicted by deteriorating eating and drinking habits, despite a number of public health campaigns…. (Source: Harvard World Health News, 4/15/10) guardian.co.uk, 4/11/10

RESEARCH

To Drink (for Health?) or Not to Drink: Debated in JAMA – 29. Mai 2010
The Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) recently detailed a debate among doctors focusing on the question of whether a patient called “Mr. Q” should continue to consume moderate amounts of alcohol for health reasons. The 10-page article from Kenneth J. Mukumal, M.D., focuses on issues discussed at Grand Rounds at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center in Boston on Jan. 15, 2009. (Source: Join Together, 5/28/10)

Brain’s Response To Alcoholism Cues Reduced By Opioid-Blocking Medication – 28. Mai 2010
Researchers at Harvard-affiliated McLean Hospital have produced the first evidence that the opioid blocker extended-release injectable naltrexone (XR-NTX) is able to reduce the brain’s response to cues that may cause alcoholics to relapse. In data presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychiatric Association, Scott Lukas, PhD, director of the Neuroimaging Center at McLean, located in Belmont, Mass., said the findings help in the understanding of how XR-NTX works in reducing the craving for alcohol and may potentially help predict which people will respond best to the drug. (Source: Medical News Today, 5/27/10)

Moderate Drinkers Have Less Heart Risk — But Maybe Not Because of Drinking – 26. Mai 2010
Like many other studies, new research from France concludes that moderate alcohol drinkers have a lower risk of heart disease than abstainers. However, researchers said that moderate drinkers also tend to have a higher social status, get more exercise, had better levels of “good” cholesterol, are less depressed and are generally healthier — factors that may have more to do with their coronary health than how much they drink, HealthDay News reported May 19.
Researcher Boris Hansel said that “a causal relationship between cardiovascular risk and moderate drinking is not at all established” by the study. (Source: Join Together, 5/25/10) Comment: I am quite sure that all those scientists who got positive health results for moderate drinkers have studied before the booklet by ICAP “Who are the abstainers?” (ICAP: International Center on Alcohol Policies by the international alcohol industry)…

Risk Of Pancreatic Cancer In Men and Heavy Alcohol Use – 20. Mai 2010
Heavy alcohol use and binge drinking could increase the risk of pancreatic cancer in men, research from UT Southwestern Medical Center suggests. In a study available online in Cancer Causes and Control, researchers found that the more alcohol a man consumed, the higher his risk of pancreatic cancer compared with those who drank little or no alcohol. “If this relationship continues to be confirmed, reducing heavy and binge drinking may be more important than we already know,” said Dr. Samir Gupta, assistant professor of internal medicine at UT Southwestern and lead author of the study, which was conducted at the University of California, San Francisco. (Source: Medical News Today, 5/19/10)

Good Results Of Bad Habits? Research Explains Paradox – 20. Mai 2010
When people are under chronic stress, they tend to smoke, drink, use drugs and overeat to help cope with stress. These behaviors trigger a biological cascade that helps prevent depression, but they also contribute to a host of physical problems that eventually contribute to early death. (Source: Medical News Today, 5/19/10)

Alcohol consumption in Estonia and Finland – 20. Mai 2010
Finbalt survey 1994-2006. Background: Alcohol consumption has been regarded as an important contributor to the high premature mortality rates. The objective of this paper was to provide an overview and comparison of alcohol consumption and its socio-demographic determinants among adults in Estonia and Finland.
Conclusions: Alcohol consumption has increased in Estonia and Finland. National alcohol policies should reflect findings of alcohol epidemiology in order to introduce measures that will reduce alcohol related harm in the population effectively. (Source: BMC Public Health 2010, 10:261doi:10.1186/1471-2458-10-261. Published: 5/19/10)

Nurse-led Interventions can help to Abstain from Alcohol – 20. Mai 2010
Nurse-led Interventions Can Help 40% Of Alcoholics To Abstain From Alcohol, UK. Regular information and advice sessions from alcohol specialist nurses could help 40% of dependent drinkers to give up alcohol altogether according to research presented at the Royal College of Nursing’s 2010 International /Research Conference in Gateshead. Source: Medical News Today, 5/17/10)

Alcohol consumption and the risk for different stroke types – 19. Mai 2010
Alcohol consumption and the risk of morbidity and mortality for different stroke types – a systematic review and meta-analysis. Results: The dose-response relationship for hemorrhagic stroke had monotonically increasing risk for increasing consumption, whereas ischemic stroke showed a curvilinear relationship, with a protective effect of alcohol for low to moderate consumption, and increased risk for higher exposure. For more than 3 drinks on average/day, in general women had higher risks than men, and the risks for mortality were higher compared to the risks for morbidity. Conclusions: These results indicate that heavy alcohol consumption increases the relative risk of any stroke while light or moderate alcohol consumption may be protective against ischemic stroke. Preventive measures that should be initiated are discussed. (Source: BMC Public Health, 5/18/10)

Drinking a Big Problem for British Troops in Afghanistan and Iraq – 17. Mai 2010
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has plagued many U.S. veterans of the Afghan and Iraq wars, but for British troops alcohol abuse seems to be the bigger problem, Reuters reported May 13.
Researchers from King’s College London found that PTSD rates among U.K. troops are relatively stable, quelling fears of an epidemic of combat stress problems similar to that experienced by U.S. troops. However, rates of alcohol abuse, anxiety and depression were elevated among British soldiers, according to study leader Simon Wesserly. (Source: Join Together, 5/17/10)

Frequent Alcohol Use And Faster HIV Disease Progression – 15. Mai 2010
HIV disease tends to progress at a faster rate in infected individuals who consume two or more alcoholic drinks a day, according to an important new paper in AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses, a peer-reviewed journal published by Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. The article is available free online.
The article, entitled “Alcohol Use Accelerates HIV Disease Progression,” clearly demonstrates that frequent alcohol use, defined as two or more drinks daily, is associated with declining CD4+ cell counts (which indicate a weakened immune system) in individuals with HIV disease who either are or are not receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART). (Source: Medical News Today, 5/14/10)

Heart Patients Who Kept Drinking Moderately Saw Health Benefits – 13. Mai 2010
Having a heart attack may not mean you need to quit drinking alcohol: in fact, a new study concludes that moderate drinkers who continued their typical alcohol consumption after having a heart attack tended to fare better than those who abstained. (Source: Join Together, 5/12/10) Our online-comment: Perhaps those 16% who didn’t drink after the heart attack were more serious cases and the doctors told them not to drink as alcohol and their medicine didn’t work together. Those more serious cases had anyhow a worse perspective.

Two research conferences has been called in Africa in 2010 – 13. Mai 2010
The first is an international conference in Abuja, Nigeria on Alcohol, Drugs and HIV/AIDS in Africa from 11th to 12th August 2010. It is organized by CRISA, the African Centre for Research and Information on Substance Abuse (CRISA). The conference will focus on the role of alcohol and other drug use in the HIV/AIDS epidemics in different African societies.
The second conference is a Kettil Bruun Society (KBS) thematic meeting on alcohol epidemiology and policy. KBS is an international organization of scientists engaged in research on the social and health aspects of alcohol use and alcohol problems. The meeting will take place from 15th to 18th November 2010 in Kampala, Uganda. This will be the first ever KBS meeting in Africa. For more information http://www.alkoholpolitik.ch/wp-admin/edit.php

36th Annual Alcohol Epidemiology Symposium of the Kettil Bruun Society (KBS) – 9. Mai 2010
31 May 2010 – 04 June 2010
Organizer: Research department Swiss Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Drug Problems, Av. Ruchonnet 14, PO Box 870, 1001 Lausanne – Location: Lausanne (CH)
The primary purpose of the symposium is to provide a forum where researchers involved in studies on alcohol can exchange ideas about their ongoing research. The scope of the symposium includes studies of determinants and consequences of drinking, drinking practices, attitudes and the social and institutional responses to drinking related harms. Empirical research, theoretical papers and reviews of the literature are welcome. Epidemiology is broadly construed and includes research in a variety of disciplines, such as psychology, sociology, criminology, economics, history and other disciplines. (Source: Sucht Info Schweiz)

New fact sheet: impact of alcohol advertising in the cinema – 7. Mai 2010
While there has been a multitude of research on the various ways and media of alcohol marketing and their effects on young people, research on alcohol marketing in the cinema has only recently taken off. This fact sheet covers the prevalence, range and effects of alcohol marketing in the cinema as proven in recent studies in the Netherlands and the UK. factsheet-advertising-in-cinemas.pdf

Drinking Alcohol During Pregnancy Could Lead To Acute Myeloid Leukemia In Children – 7. Mai 2010
Although acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is relatively rare in children, drinking alcohol during pregnancy could increase the risk, according to a recent paper published in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research.
Julie Ross, Ph.D., director of the division of pediatric epidemiology and clinical research at the University of Minnesota, said there are about 700 cases of AML in the United States in children each year. (Source: Medical News Today, 5/6/10)

‘Hair Of The Dog’ May Help Alcohol Withdrawal Symptoms But.. – 7. Mai 2010
.. It Also Increases Alcohol Dependency
University of Southampton study provides new insight into how alcohol affects brain function. Research defines alcohol’s impact on signalling in nerve pathways.
Drinking alcohol over a long period of time profoundly affects the brain, which adapts to the intoxicant and causes withdrawal symptoms when consumption stops. (Source: Medical News Today, 5/6/10)

Ireland Has Highest Binge-Drinking Rate in Europe – 6. Mai 2010
The latest research will do nothing to diminish the Irish reputation for heavy drinking: a survey from the European Commission (PDF) finds that Ireland has a binge-drinking rate three times higher than the rest of the European Union (EU). The Irish Times reported April 22 that 19 percent of Irish poll respondents said they consumed five or more drinks at a sitting on a weekly basis, compared to 6 percent in the average EU nation, 3 percent in Portugal, and just 1 percent in Bulgaria. (Source: Join Together, 5/5/10)

European Commission: 2nd Eurobarometer on alcohol – 4. Mai 2010
Brussels, 21 April 2010. Eurocare welcomes the Eurobarometer Special Report on attitudes towards alcohol, released today by the European Commission and finds it a very useful instrument to measure the success of the EU Alcohol Strategy that was adopted in October 2006.
The report shows there has been little variation in the prevalence of alcohol consumption since the question was last asked in autumn 2006 (75%) and that there is still ample cause for concern.
(Source: Eurocare, 4/21/10) 1.- Special Eurobarometer 331 “EU citizens’ attitudes towards alcohol”
http://ec.europa.eu/health/eurobarometers/index_en.htm
2.- European Commission Press release
http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.do?reference=IP/10/455&format=HTML&aged=0&language=EN&guiLanguage=en
First Progress Report on the implementation of the EU Alcohol Strategy, 2009
http://ec.europa.eu/health/archive/ph_determinants/life_style/alcohol/documents/alcohol_progress.pdf
Further info on EU alcohol policy and action http://ec.europa.eu/health/alcohol/policy/index_en.htm

Heavy Drinking and Cancer Linked at Cellular Level – 4. Mai 2010
A study presented at the annual meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research identifies structures at the cellular level that appear to explain a link between heavy alcohol use and cancer, HealthDay News reported April 21.
Andrea Baccarelli, who heads a research center at the University of Milan, reported that a team of investigators found the connection in looking at telomeres — structures at the end of chromosomes that shorten as people age. In comparing DNA from a group of 59 heavy drinkers with 197 individuals who drank less, the researchers found that telomeres were considerably shorter in the heavy-drinking group. (Source: Join Together, 4/30/10) (with a critical comment)

Study: Victorians Aren’t Aware Alcohol Causes Cancer – 30. April 2010
Call on govt review panel for better alcohol labeling VIC: Research released today shows half of all Victorians don’t realise that alcohol causes cancer, prompting the Alcohol Policy Coalition to call for health advisory labels on all alcohol products to better inform consumers. The Council of Australian Governments is today holding a public meeting in Melbourne to discuss overhauling Australia’s food and alcohol labelling laws. …(Source: Medical News Today, 4/29/10)

USA: One in Three Elderly Drinkers Face High Risk of Harm – 29. April 2010
One-third of American drinkers over age 60 consume excessive amounts of alcohol, are at risk of dangerous interactions between alcohol and medications, or have illnesses that can be exacerbated by drinking, according to researchers at the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA.
A study of 3,308 clinic patients in California found that 34.7 percent of drinkers were considered high-risk, with more than half falling into at least two of the three risk categories. Patients ages 60-64 were twice as likely to be at-risk drinkers than those over age 80, and risk was also higher among drinkers who were more affluent and less educated. (Source: Join Together, 4/27/10)

Children Watching R-Rated Movies and Early Drinking – 29. April 2010
Middle-school children whose parents restrict access to R-rated movies are substantially less likely to start drinking than their peers who are allowed to see such films, a new study suggests. In a study of nearly 3,600 New England middle school students, researchers found that among kids who said their parents never allowed them to watch R movies, few took up drinking over the next couple years. (Source: Medical News Today, 4/27/10)

Scientists Say Sports Stars Are No Role Models 29. April 2010
The loutish and drunken behaviour of some of our sporting heroes – routinely reported in the media – has little or no effect on the drinking habits of young people, new research has found. Researchers at the Universities of Manchester, UK, and Western Sydney, Australia, say their findings – published in Drug and Alcohol Review – rubbish the idea that sports stars act as role models for those who follow sport. (Source: Medical News Today, 4/22/10)
Reports of heavy drinking by sports stars appear to have little influence on young people’s own drinking behavior, but use of athletes in alcohol advertising carries considerably more weight, results of a study in Australia suggest. (Source: Joint Together, 4/26/10)

Excessive Alcohol Consumption May Lead To Increased Cancer Risk – 29. April 2010
Results of this cross-sectional study were presented at the American Association for Cancer Research 101st Annual Meeting 2010, held here, April 17-21 at the Walter E. Washington Convention Center. Telomeres are found at the region of DNA sequences at the end of a chromosome, and are important for the genetic stability of cells. As people age, telomere length shortens progressively. (Source: Medical News Today, 4/21/10)

Study: Extreme alcohol consumption in UK nightlife – 21. April 2010
Using measures of blood alcohol concentration, self-assessed and observer-assessed drunkenness, a study in the North West of England has confirmed the overwhelming prevalence of extreme alcohol consumption in UK nightlife. Researchers writing in BioMed Central’s open access journal Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention and Policy interviewed and ‘breathalyzed’ revellers, finding that one in ten intended to drink more than 40 units by home time, with those using extended licensing hours having the most extreme alcoholic intentions. (Source: Medical News Today, 4/20/10) Comment: 40 units, nearly unbelievable.

Volumetric Alcohol Tax In Australia Is Cost-effective And … – 20. April 2010
Improves Health Gains. A volumetric alcohol tax in Australia, which applies the same rate of tax per litre of alcohol across all beverages, would provide greater health benefits and cost savings to the health sector than the existing taxation system, according to research published in the Medical Journal of Australia. (Source: Medical News Today, 4/19/10)

UK is increasing the price of alcoholic beverages – 18. April 2010
The UK government by Chancellor Alistair Darling has revealed its 2010 budget introducing measures to reduce and prevent alcohol-related harm. The Chancellor announced that alcohol duties will increase. The cider duty is to rise by 10% above inflation from midnight on Sunday. Wine, beer and spirit duties to rise by 2% from midnight on Sunday and further 2% rise planned for two years from 2014. This coincides with an article in Lancet, published 24th of March, shows that increasing the price level on alcohol are related to health benefit for all groups, and not only the heavy drinkers. The researches from University of Sheffield have found that general price increases were effective for reduction of consumption, health-care costs, and health-related quality of life losses in all population subgroups. Higher prices – better health! (Source: active’s newsletter April 2010, 4/16/10) Eurocare, 3/25/10

Young Female Drinkers More Likely to Develop Breast Disease – 17. April 2010
Risk of developing benign breast disease increases five-fold among women who drank alcohol six or seven days a week during their teens and early 20s, according to research from the National Cancer Institute.
Benign breast disease is a known risk factor for breast cancer, researchers noted. Symptoms include hard lumps in the breasts, irregular cysts, breast discomfort, sensitive nipples, and itching.Reuters reported April 12 that researcher Catherine Berkey of Harvard Medical School and colleagues drew their conclusions from a study of about 6,900 women ages 16-23. About one percent of the women reported having benign breast disease in a followup study at ages 18-27. “Our study results give older girls and adolescents another reason to avoid alcohol,” said Berkey. (Source: Join Together, 4/15/10)

Progress of Arthritis Slowed by Moderate Drinking, Study Says – 16. April 2010
Moderate drinking could slow the progress of rheumatoid arthritis over the course of decades — not enough to make an immediate, noticable impact but perhaps beneficial in the long-term, researchers from Switzerland said in a new report. (Source: Join Together, 4/14/10) Comment: The detailed article by Reuters shows a lot of uncertainty. The motivation behind such studies is very obvious.

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Editor:

Hermann T. Meyer, Projekte und Dienstleistungen, Lindenstr. 32, CH-8307 Effretikon, Switzerland, Tel. +41 (0)52 343 58 75, Fax: +41 (0)52 343 59 29         e-mail Copyright © 2001-2010: Hermann T. Meyer.
All rights reserved. Texts from third persons do not necessarily reflect our own opinion.
If you use our texts for distribution, please state the source.
Last entry: May 30, 2010  

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