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Archiv für die Kategorie 'Statistics'

Forschung: Folgen des niedrigen Alkoholkonsums

Donnerstag 5. März 2015 von htm

Folgen des niedrigen Alkoholkonsums: Die Publikation „Alcohol and Society 2014; Theme: The Effects of Low-Dowse Alcohol Consumption“ steht zum Download bereit. Ein Forschungsbericht der IOGT-NTO Schweden und der Schwedischen Gesellschaft für Medizin. In English and Swedish.
Kommentar: Die bisher ausführlichste Zusammenstellung der Forschungsergebnisse zu diesem Thema. Die Medien, die vor Jahren nicht genug über angeblich alkoholpositive gesundheitliche Vorteile berichten konnten, werden dazu wie bisher grösstenteils schweigen.
Quelle: Infoset

 

Kategorie: Allgemein, Dokumente, Forschung, Global, Health, Internationales, Medizin, Politics, Prevention, Publications, Research, safe level, Statistics, TOP NEWS, Verhältnis-Präv., Veröffentlichungen, WHO | Keine Kommentare »

Research: Alcohol Consumption at Midlife and Risk of Stroke

Donnerstag 5. Februar 2015 von htm

Original Contribution
Alcohol Consumption at Midlife and Risk of Stroke During 43 Years of Follow-Up
Cohort and Twin Analyses
Pavla Kadlecová, MSc,
Ross Andel, PhD,
Robert Mikulík, PhD,
Elizabeth P. Handing, BA and
Nancy L. Pedersen, PhD
STROKE AHA.114.006724
Published online before print January 29, 2015, doi: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.114.006724

From the International Clinical Research Center, Neurology Department, St. Anne’s Hospital, Brno, Czech Republic (P.K., R.A., R.M.); School of Aging Studies, University of South Florida, Tampa (R.A., E.P.H.); Department of Neurology, St. Anne’s University Hospital and Medical Faculty of Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic (R.M.); Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden (N.L.P.); and Department of Psychology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles (N.L.P.).
Correspondence to Pavla Kadlecová, MSc, Pekařská 53, 656 91 Brno, Czech Republic. E-mail kadlecovap{at}fnusa.cz

Abstract

Background and Purpose—Although alcohol–stroke association is well known, the age-varying effect of alcohol drinking at midlife on subsequent stroke risk across older adulthood has not been examined. The effect of genetic/early-life factors is also unknown. We used cohort and twin analyses of data with 43 years of follow-up for stroke incidence to help address these gaps.

Methods—All 11 644 members of the population-based Swedish Twin Registry born 1886 to 1925 with alcohol data aged ≤60 years were included. The interaction of midlife alcohol consumption by age at stroke was evaluated in Cox-regression and analyses of monozygotic twins were used. Covariates were baseline age, sex, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes mellitus, stress reactivity, depression, body mass index, smoking, and exercise.

Results—Altogether 29% participants developed stroke. Compared with very-light drinkers (<0.5 drink/d), heavy drinkers (>2 drinks/d) had greater risk of stroke (hazard ratio, 1.34; P=0.02) and the effect for nondrinkers approached significance (hazard ratio, 1.11; P=0.08). Age increased stroke risk for nondrinkers (P=0.012) and decreased it for heavy drinkers (P=0.040). Midlife heavy drinkers were at high risk from baseline until the age of 75 years when hypertension and diabetes mellitus grew to being the more relevant risk factors. In analyses of monozygotic twin-pairs, heavy drinking shortened time to stroke by 5 years (P=0.04).

Conclusions—Stroke-risk associated with heavy drinking (>2 drinks/d) in midlife seems to predominate over well-known risk factors, hypertension and diabetes, until the age of ≈75 years and may shorten time to stroke by 5 years above and beyond covariates and genetic/early-life factors. Alcohol consumption should be considered an age-varying risk factor for stroke.

Kategorie: adults, Allgemein, consumption, Education, English Website, Global, Health, mortality, Non-communicable diseases, Research, Statistics | Keine Kommentare »

USA: Alcohol Ads Violating Industry Rules More Likely in Magazines Popular With Teens

Donnerstag 9. August 2012 von htm

Alcohol ads that violate industry guidelines are more likely to appear in magazines popular with teen readers, a new study finds. Ads violate industry guidelines if they appear to target a primarily underage audience, highlight the high alcohol content of a product, or portray drinking in conjunction with activities that require a high degree of alertness or coordination, such as swimming.

Researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health studied 1,261 ads for alcopops, beer, spirits or wine that appeared more than 2,500 times in 11 magazines that are popular among teens. The ads were rated according to a number of factors, such as whether they portrayed over-consumption of alcohol, addiction content, sex-related content, or injury content. ….
(Source:Join Together, 08/09/12)

Kategorie: Advertising, Alcohol industry, Allgemein, Children, consumption, Global, Media, Parents, Parliaments / Governments, Politics, Prevention, Research, Statistics, Watchdogs, Youth | Keine Kommentare »

WHO Global Information System on Alcohol and Health (GISAH)

Samstag 4. August 2012 von htm

The WHO Global Information System on Alcohol and Health (GISAH) provides easy and rapid access to a wide range of alcohol-related health indicators. It is an essential tool for assessing and monitoring the health situation and trends related to alcohol consumption, alcohol-related harm, and policy responses in countries. For country profiles, maps, reports, and links please see the theme page by clicking on the „Analysis“ tab above.

GISAH is overseen by a Steering Committee comprised of representatives from the WHO Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse, and the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (Canada). The financial support from the Valencian Autonomous Government, Spain is gratefully acknowledged.
(Source: Alcohol Reports, 08/2/12)

Kategorie: Addiction, Allgemein, consumption, Documents, Global, Media, Publications, Research, Statistics, WHO | Keine Kommentare »

Introducing a minimum unit price for alcohol in Scotland

Samstag 28. Juli 2012 von htm

Considerations under European Law and the implications for European public health
Scotland has amongst the highest rates of alcohol-related harms in Western Europe and over the last three decades has observed an approximate 3-fold increase in alcohol-related mortality.1 The Scottish Government has identified the affordability of alcohol as a key component for an effective strategy in addressing these harms. While increases in alcohol duty can be used to reduce affordability, responsibility for determining alcohol duty lies with the UK rather than Scottish Parliament so the introduction of a minimum unit price (MUP) is being considered as a more targeted alternative. Its potential introduction raises a number of important legal considerations that bear relevance to future public health legislative measures across the European Union. In this article, we outline some of the main considerations as illustrated by the case study of MUP in Scotland and discuss the implications for countries across Europe and other areas of public health policy. …
(Source: Alcohol Reports, 07/27/12) eurpub.oxfordjournals.org, August 2012 (payable) Eur J Public Health (2012) 22 (4): 457-458. doi: 10.1093/eurpub/cks091

Kategorie: Alcohol industry, Allgemein, Availability, consumption, Global, mortality, Parliaments / Governments, Politics, Prevention, Price, Publications, Statistics | Keine Kommentare »

UK: Drink driving figures not achieving desired reduction says ACPO

Donnerstag 26. Juli 2012 von htm

The proportion of those failing a breath test has not fallen significantly, figures from the latest police drink and drug campaign and enforcement drive show.

The Association of Chief Police Officers (ACPO) announced that 4,857 (5.8%) of the 83,224 drivers tested during the month long campaign in June 2012 tested positive, refused or failed a breath test. Although a slight improvement on the 6% rate the previous year, ACPO said they are „disappointed“ that a small proportion are refusing to the get the message about the dangers of drink and drug driving. ….
(Source: Alcohol Policy UK, 07/25/12)

Kategorie: Allgemein, Driving under the Influence, Global, Parliaments / Governments, Politics, Prevention, Research, Statistics, Watchdogs | Keine Kommentare »

DUI fatalities drop sharply after interlock law

Donnerstag 26. Juli 2012 von htm

Preliminary results show alcohol-related traffic fatalities dropped in the year since the state began requiring an ignition interlock for those convicted of drunken driving.

The Kansas Department of Transportation reported Friday that the state recorded 59 alcohol-related traffic fatalities between July 1, 2011 — when the law took effect — and June 30 of this year. That compares with 125 and 137, respectively, for the previous two years. …
(Source: Alcohol Reports, 07/25/12) sfgate.com, 07/20/12

Kategorie: Allgemein, Driving under the Influence, Global, mortality, Prevention, Research, societal effects, Statistics | Keine Kommentare »

Drinking alcohol, even in moderation, ‚a dementia risk‘

Mittwoch 18. Juli 2012 von htm

The findings, presented at an international conference, challenge the notion that some alcohol could be good for ageing brains.

People who stick to recommended alcohol limits are still at risk, as well as bingers and heavy drinkers, according to the work.

The study tracked the health over 20 years of 1,300 women in their mid-60s.

The risk, ranging from mild cognitive impairment to full blown dementia, was higher among those who reported drinking more alcohol.

Women who switched from abstinence to drinking over the course of the study also increased their risk.

Those who drank alcohol „in moderation“, meaning seven to 14 alcoholic drinks a week, were also more likely to develop problems with memory and brain functioning that can be a warning sign of future dementia. …
(Source: Google alcohol news, 07/18/12) (news-ad-hoc.de, 18.7.12) bbc.co.uk, 07/18/12

Kategorie: adults, Allgemein, Binge Drinking, consumption, drinking guidelines, Gender, Global, Health, morbidity, Publications, Research, safe level, Statistics | Keine Kommentare »

USA: Increase in Cigarette Prices Leads to Rise in Binge Drinking Among Young Adults

Mittwoch 18. Juli 2012 von htm

The study found increased cigarette prices due to taxes did not decrease smoking rates in people under 30, The Atlantic reports.

The researchers based their findings on data from the 2001-2006 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System surveys, which included 1.3 million people. They found increases in state cigarette prices were associated with increases in current drinking among people ages 65 and older, and binge and heavy drinking among those ages 21 to 29. They found reductions in smoking among adults ages 30 to 64, drinking among those ages 18 to 20, and binge drinking among those 65 and older.

“Researchers, practitioners, advocates, and policymakers should work together to understand and prepare for these unintended consequences of tobacco taxation policy,” the researchers wrote in the journal Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy.
(Source: Join Together, 07/17/12)

Kategorie: adults, Allgemein, Binge Drinking, consumption, Global, Non-communicable diseases, Other Drugs, Price, Publications, Research, Statistics, Watchdogs, Youth | Keine Kommentare »

Some People Suffer Allergy-Like Symptoms After Drinking Wine

Sonntag 8. Juli 2012 von htm

Around seven percent of adults suffer from an intolerance to wine. This is the result of a survey presented by Peter Wigand and co-authors in the current edition of Deutsches Arzteblatt International (Dtsch Arztebl Int 2012; 109 (25): 437-44).

The authors evaluated 948 questionnaires that were returned from the 4000 sent out to randomly selected people between the ages of 20 and 69 years. They found that women (8.9%) were more often affected by an intolerance to wine than men (5.2%). The most commonly reported reactions included flushed and itchy skin and a runny nose. The symptoms were particularly common after drinking red wine. Additionally, people with a wine intolerance were more likely to report other food intolerances. …
(Source: Medical News Today, 7/7/12)

Kategorie: Allgemein, consumption, Global, Health, Research, Statistics | Keine Kommentare »

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