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Archiv für die Kategorie 'HIV'

USA: Why the sudden rise in teen-age binge drinking?

Dienstag 7. August 2012 von htm

Dr. Dave takes aim at the college party mix of energy drinks and booze that researchers say is fueling binging and casual, high-risk, sex
Underage drinking is a widespread problem, often brought about by a pushback on other drugs.

BILL: “Young drunks invade emergency rooms,” ran a recent headline in our own NY Daily News. “…teenage binge drinking is a key culprit behind the number of ER visits, which have skyrocketed citywide from 7,958 in 2007 to 15,620 in 2011.” Dave, is booze making a comeback against pills, pot, meth and the other newer, and more glamorous forms of dope?

DR. DAVE: Dr. Christopher McStay of Bellevue Hospital’s emergency department seems to reinforce that idea. “I certainly see really young people,” he says, “who drank enormous amounts of alcohol and have bad withdrawal.” I’m afraid we’re seeing the effect of the current war on Oxycontin. As we push hard against a new drug, there’s an up-tick back into binge drinking.

Read more: NEW YORK DAILY NEWS, Sunday, August 5, 2012
(Source: Joint Together, 08/6/12)

Kategorie: Addiction, Alcopops, Allgemein, Availability, Binge Drinking, Children, consumption, Global, HIV, Parents, Politics, Prevention, societal effects, Youth | Keine Kommentare »

Deadly Alcohol Needs Global Regulation, Health Expert Says

Mittwoch 22. Februar 2012 von htm

When considering the world’s worst killers, alcohol likely doesn’t come to mind. Yet alcohol kills more than 2.5 million people annually, more than AIDS, malaria or tuberculosis.

For middle-income people, who constitute half the world’s population, alcohol is the top health risk factor, greater than obesity, inactivity and even tobacco.

The World Health Organization has meticulously documented the extent of alcohol abuse in recent years and has published solid recommendations on how to reduce alcohol-related deaths, but this doesn’t go far enough, according to Devi Sridhar, a health-policy expert at the University of Oxford in the United Kingdom.

In a commentary appearing today (Feb. 15) in the journal Nature, Sridhar argues that the WHO should regulate alcohol at the global level, enforcing such regulations as a minimum drinking age, zero-tolerance drunken driving, and bans on unlimited drink specials. Abiding by the regulations would be mandatory for the WHO’s 194 member states.

Far from prohibition, the WHO regulations would force nations to strengthen weak drinking laws and better enforce laws already in place, Sridhar says. …
(Source: Alcohol Reports, News, 02/20/12)lifescience.com, 02/16/12

Kategorie: Addiction, Alcohol taxes, Alerts, Allgemein, consumption, drinking guidelines, Global, Health, HIV, mortality, Parliaments / Governments, Politics, Prevention, Price, Publications, societal effects, Statistics, WHO | Keine Kommentare »

THE GLOBE – Issue 1, 2012

Montag 6. Februar 2012 von htm

Alcohol and Youth in Africa, Asia and Europe
Also in this issue:

Alcohol Policy Youth Network / Nigerian Alcohol Prevention Youth Initiative / The IFMSA and the European Alcohol and Health Forum / Jyothirgamaya: Spreading the light of awareness by Ms Deepa Nair / “Alcohol-free Boat Races: the role of youth networks and social campaigns to change social attitudes on alcohol” / Alcohol and the young brain: girls at especial risk? / Teenage alcohol consumption associated with computer use / Alcohol and Unsafe Sex / Cigarette and alcohol use at historic low among US teens / Transatlantic Cooperation to combat underage drinking

Kategorie: Allgemein, Binge Drinking, Children, consumption, Development, Education, European Alcohol and Health Forum, Events, Global, Health, HIV, mortality, Politics, Prevention, Publications, Religion, Research, Statistics, Watchdogs, Youth | Keine Kommentare »

WHO Bulletin on Global Fund conflict of interest

Montag 9. Januar 2012 von htm

An article in the Bulletin of the World Health Organization raises concerns regarding conflict of interest in a partnership where SABMiller, the world’s second largest brewer by sales volume, receive funding from the Global Fund for a HIV/AIDS prevention project in drinking establishements in South Africa.
“No conflict of interest” replies the Global Fund.
The recent issue of Bulletin of the World Health Organization carries a round table section: “Global Fund collusion with liquor giant is a clear conflict of interest. The First article is by Richard Matzopoulos, Charles DH Parry, Joanne Corrigall, Jonny Myers, Sue Goldstein and Leslie London. They describe how the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (Global Fund) has recently included SABMiller as a recipient of funding for an education intervention aimed at minimizing alcohol-related harm, including HIV prevention, among men in drinking establishments.The authors think Global Fund support for this initiative is cause for concern.

The article discusses whether men in drinking establishments are the best target group for the intervention, whether a drinking establishment is the best location, and whether the educational intervention itself is effective. Their experience is that the liquor industry is inclined to support alcohol interventions that will not affect drinking rates at a population level. These interventions allow the industry to simultaneously fulfil social and legal obligations to address the harmful use of alcohol while ensuring that sales and profits are maintained.

Providing funding for a highly profitable industry that could afford to fund its own interventions also reduces the funds available for less well-resourced organizations.

Ask the authors: “Do we take it that the problem of “corporate capture” has now spread to one of the largest health funders in the world?” …
(Source: Alcohol Reports, 01/08/12) add-recources.org, 01/05/12
Comment: At least the industry accepted the role of alcohol regarding HIV.

Kategorie: adults, Alcohol industry, Alerts, Allgemein, consumption, Development, Global, Health, HIV, Prevention, Publications, societal effects, Watchdogs, WHO | Keine Kommentare »

Ghana: Psychiatrist says alcohol should be declared health hazard

Dienstag 16. August 2011 von htm

Koforidua, Aug 9, GNA – Dr Eugene Dordoye, a psychiatrist with the Ghana Health Service (GHS), has suggested that alcohol should be declared a public health hazard. He said alcohol intake was resulting in many diseases claiming lives but because alcohol was not a national health issue its related diseases were not being measured. Dr Dordoye, who spoke to the GNA after addressing a five- day Youth Alive Camp in Koforidua, said alcohol effects were measured by the psychiatric hospitals because of its known effects on mental health. … (Source: Alcohol Reports, 08/15/11) ghananewsagency.org, 08/10/11

Kategorie: Allgemein, consumption, Global, Health, HIV, Prevention, Watchdogs, Youth | Keine Kommentare »

Report: Contributions of Alcohol Use to Teenage Pregnancy and Sexually Transmitted Infection Rates

Freitag 10. Juni 2011 von htm

However the report also finds some variations, suggesting further research and monitoring. Findings and recommendations include:
* The relationship between alcohol misuse and poor sexual health outcomes means there is an urgent need for the integration of health services for young people. It should be routine for professionals to address sexual health and alcohol issues simultaneously.
* Campaigns/services that aim to address teenage conception should include alcohol consumption in young men as well as young women, since alcohol misuse in both sexes independently predicts teenage pregnancy and sexual infections
* Attention needs to be paid to local factors that may play a role in enhancing risk of conception among groups of young people. (Source: Alcohol Policy UK, 06/09/11)

Kategorie: Allgemein, consumption, Global, Health, HIV, Research, societal effects, Statistics, Youth | Keine Kommentare »

SA: Alcohol advertising ban: media between a rock and a hard place

Dienstag 26. April 2011 von htm

South African media’s indecision to support alcohol advertising ban could be linked to the fact that media companies stand to lose huge revenues if the legislation were to come into effect, one media analyst charged this week. Shepherd Mpofu, of Wits University’s Department of Media Studies, said there is no logical reason why the media have to support a move that will have a negative consequence on them. …It was reported last week that the media have agreed to support the proposed ban, but that statement has since been denied and corrected by the South African National Editor’s Forum (SANEF), which confirmed that it will instead throw its weight behind the campaign against alcohol abuse, as it does not have a position on the proposed alcohol advertising ban.
… “The government has a right to be worried about these effects. Crime is increasing, and the spread of sexual transmissible diseases, poor work output, poor performance at school and a lot of other societal malfunctions are just some of the few effects of alcohol abuse.”
The Soul City Institute insists that an independent and vibrant media is uniquely poised to unpack and critically interrogate the role of alcohol advertising and marketing, and shape the public debate around alcohol-related harm reduction.
Mpofu said: “If the media were to play a responsible role in society, then there is every reason to support the ban on alcohol advertising. … (Source: Alcohol Reports, 04/25/11) bizcommunity.com, 04/19/11

Kategorie: Advertising, Alcohol industry, Allgemein, Celebrities, consumption, Global, HIV, Media, Parliaments / Governments, Politics, Prevention, Publications, societal effects, Violence and crimes | Keine Kommentare »

Alcohol and HIV/AIDS: Intertwining Stories

Sonntag 24. April 2011 von htm

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)—the pathogen responsible for the current pandemic of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)—targets the body’s immune system. HIV infection puts a person at risk for a multitude of diseases that someone with a healthy immune system generally would fight off. When HIV was recognized in the 1980s, testing positive for HIV infection was, in fact, a death sentence. Now, however, the availability of anti-HIV medications has made living with the virus a reality….People with HIV are now living longer and healthier lives. Nevertheless, many challenges remain in preventing both infection with the virus and progression of the disease. One of the many factors that thwarts efforts to prevent the spread of the infection and the treatment of infected patients is the use and abuse of alcohol by those who are at risk for infection or who already are infected. Scientists are gaining a better understanding of the complex relationship between alcohol consumption and HIV infection. … (Source: Alcohol Reports, 04/23/11)

Kategorie: Allgemein, HIV, mortality, Prevention, Research, Treatment | Keine Kommentare »

The Role of Alcohol and Substance Use in Risky Sexual Behavior Among Older Men

Dienstag 15. März 2011 von htm

…Who Have Sex With Men: A Review and Critique of the Current Literature
HIV incidence is increasing among men who have sex with men (MSM) despite years of prevention education and intervention efforts. Whereas there has been considerable progress made in identifying risk factors among younger MSM, older MSM have been largely neglected. In particular, the role of alcohol and drug use in conjunction with sex has not been thoroughly studied in older MSM samples. (Source: Alcohol Reports, 03/14/11) springerlink.com, 03/10/11

Kategorie: adults, Allgemein, Education, Global, Health, HIV, Research | Keine Kommentare »

USA: Usher, Belvedere Vodka, and the Most Hypocritical Product (Red) Product Yet

Donnerstag 10. März 2011 von htm

In a stunning display of insensitivity and ignorance, Belvedere Vodka and singer Usher have joined with Product (Red) to launch a special edition bottle and give half its profits to “fight HIV/AIDS in Africa,” under the misleading tagline “Helps Save Lives.” Promoting and selling booze to fight HIV/AIDS?! There are just so many things wrong with this, we can hardly decide where to start. Let’s consider the facts that are missing from this campaign:
* Product (Red) must have conveniently missed the recent news release that alcohol kills more people annually than AIDS, tuberculosis, or violence – a sobering 4% of all deaths worldwide, according to the World Health Association.
* Alcohol use is a leading factor in the spread of HIV. Alcohol consumption is associated with two major modes of HIV transmission: high-risk sexual behaviors and injection drug use. … (Source: Marin Institute, 03/09/11)

Kategorie: Advertising, Alcohol industry, Allgemein, Global, Health, HIV, mortality, societal effects, Violence and crimes, Watchdogs, WHO | Keine Kommentare »

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