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Research: Alcohol Consumption at Midlife and Risk of Stroke

Donnerstag 5. Februar 2015 von htm

Original Contribution
Alcohol Consumption at Midlife and Risk of Stroke During 43 Years of Follow-Up
Cohort and Twin Analyses
Pavla Kadlecová, MSc,
Ross Andel, PhD,
Robert Mikulík, PhD,
Elizabeth P. Handing, BA and
Nancy L. Pedersen, PhD
STROKE AHA.114.006724
Published online before print January 29, 2015, doi: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.114.006724

From the International Clinical Research Center, Neurology Department, St. Anne’s Hospital, Brno, Czech Republic (P.K., R.A., R.M.); School of Aging Studies, University of South Florida, Tampa (R.A., E.P.H.); Department of Neurology, St. Anne’s University Hospital and Medical Faculty of Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic (R.M.); Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden (N.L.P.); and Department of Psychology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles (N.L.P.).
Correspondence to Pavla Kadlecová, MSc, Pekařská 53, 656 91 Brno, Czech Republic. E-mail kadlecovap{at}fnusa.cz

Abstract

Background and Purpose—Although alcohol–stroke association is well known, the age-varying effect of alcohol drinking at midlife on subsequent stroke risk across older adulthood has not been examined. The effect of genetic/early-life factors is also unknown. We used cohort and twin analyses of data with 43 years of follow-up for stroke incidence to help address these gaps.

Methods—All 11 644 members of the population-based Swedish Twin Registry born 1886 to 1925 with alcohol data aged ≤60 years were included. The interaction of midlife alcohol consumption by age at stroke was evaluated in Cox-regression and analyses of monozygotic twins were used. Covariates were baseline age, sex, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes mellitus, stress reactivity, depression, body mass index, smoking, and exercise.

Results—Altogether 29% participants developed stroke. Compared with very-light drinkers (<0.5 drink/d), heavy drinkers (>2 drinks/d) had greater risk of stroke (hazard ratio, 1.34; P=0.02) and the effect for nondrinkers approached significance (hazard ratio, 1.11; P=0.08). Age increased stroke risk for nondrinkers (P=0.012) and decreased it for heavy drinkers (P=0.040). Midlife heavy drinkers were at high risk from baseline until the age of 75 years when hypertension and diabetes mellitus grew to being the more relevant risk factors. In analyses of monozygotic twin-pairs, heavy drinking shortened time to stroke by 5 years (P=0.04).

Conclusions—Stroke-risk associated with heavy drinking (>2 drinks/d) in midlife seems to predominate over well-known risk factors, hypertension and diabetes, until the age of ≈75 years and may shorten time to stroke by 5 years above and beyond covariates and genetic/early-life factors. Alcohol consumption should be considered an age-varying risk factor for stroke.

Kategorie: adults, Allgemein, consumption, Education, English Website, Global, Health, mortality, Non-communicable diseases, Research, Statistics | Keine Kommentare »

THE GLOBE – Issue 3, 2012

Samstag 11. August 2012 von htm

Content:
65th World Health Assembly – Non-communicable Diseases – Alcohol Target Missing
Also in this issue:

– NCDA Global Platform faces opposition from COI coalition
– One in eight deaths in Europe between the ages of 15 and 64 “is caused by alcohol”
– German medical students not taught about alcohol problems
– Leading alcohol beverage producers agree to extend common marketing standards and reinforce selfregulation across the EU
– Study on the affordability of alcoholic beverages in the EU
– Irish Republic and Northern Ireland come together to hold first All-Island conference on alcohol
– French Breathalyser Law
etc.
THE GLOBE, Issue 3 2012

Kategorie: Allgemein, Education, Global, mortality, Non-communicable diseases, Parliaments / Governments, Politics, Prevention, Publications, Research, Watchdogs, WHO | Keine Kommentare »

1st European Alcohol Policy Youth Conference

Dienstag 7. August 2012 von htm

Eurocare on behalf of the Alcohol Policy Youth Network informs: We are very happy to announce the date of the 1st European Alcohol Policy Youth Conference that is going to happen between 8th and 14th November 2012 in Bled, Slovenia. APYN is currently welcoming applications for participation, which will then undergo a selection process.

Thanks to the European Commission’s Youth in Action Programme, food and accommodation costs are 100% covered, while the travel will be 70% refunded. First twenty (20) selected applicants will have no participation fee (50,00 eur).

Deadline for online applications: 20th August 2012.

More information about the conference and the application process can be found on www.apyn.org/conference.
If you have more questions, feel free to contact info@apyn.org.
Feel free to forward this call to all interested youth between 18 and 30 years.

Kategorie: Education, Europaparlament / EU-Kommission, Events, Global, Politics, Prevention, Youth | Keine Kommentare »

Alcohol harms you, others and the society. Why does EU need an alcohol strategy?

Mittwoch 6. Juni 2012 von htm

The current EU Alcohol Strategy is coming to an end in 2012. However Europe is still the world’s heaviest drinking region-

– Alcohol is the world’s number one risk factor for ill-health and premature death amongst the 25 – 59 year old age group, a core of the working age population

– Alcohol related harm is 1 of the 4 risk factors for developing NCDs such as cancer and cardiovascular disease

– Social costs attributable to alcohol account for €155.8 billion

Due to the size of the problem and universal impact this problem requires a comprehensive, coordinated response from policy and decision makers at the European and national levels.

This event will build on the Call for Action from 88 health and social NGOs from across Europe and will be an opportunity to address the issue in the European Parliament to ensure continuation of the efforts to tackle alcohol related harm.

Draft programe

For more informaiton please conact Eurocare Secretariat
When
June 27th, 2012 9:00 AM to 12:00 PM
Location
Rue Wiertz 60
European Parliament
Brussels, B 1047
Belgium
Contact
Phone: +32 (0)2 736 05 72
Email: aleksandra.kaczmarek@eurocare.org

Kategorie: Alerts, Allgemein, consumption, Education, Events, Global, Non-communicable diseases, Parliaments / Governments, Politics, Prevention, societal effects | Keine Kommentare »

S: European Conference on Alcohol Law Enforcement

Donnerstag 31. Mai 2012 von htm

In 2011 we organized the First European Conference on Alcohol Law Enforcement in Rotterdam. The conference was a successful start of a network on alcohol law enforcement in Europe. This year we are continuing the network initiative with a conference in Stockholm at 15 and 16 November 2012. Theme of the second conference is Reducing public drunkenness and over-serving related violence. Every European city is facing this problem and every law enforcer that is active at night-time will recognize this issue. There are some very interesting best practices on reducing alcohol related violence in Europe and there is a lot of research on evidence based interventions. In November we will present those best practices and bring the specialists on this topic in Europe together with the members of the European Network for Alcohol Law Enforcement.

Signing in for the conference is possible by this link: http://www.fhi.se/conf20121115
(Source: European Network for Alcohol Law Enforcement, 05/31/12)

Kategorie: Allgemein, Binge Drinking, consumption, Education, Events, Global, Prevention, Research, societal effects, Training, Violence and crimes, Watchdogs | Keine Kommentare »

Au: No impact from safe alcohol use campaign

Donnerstag 8. März 2012 von htm

A major overhaul of guidelines for the safe consumption of alcohol seems to have had no impact on Australians.
Only 5 per cent of the population can identify safe drinking levels nominated in the National Health and Medical Research Council’s guidelines for reducing health risks from alcohol consumption.
The latest guidelines, which were published in 2009, say women and men can reduce their lifetime risk of harm from alcohol-related disease or injury by having a maximum of two standard alcoholic drinks a day.
(Source: Alcohol Reports, 03/07/12) brisbanetimes.com, 03/06/12

Online comment: Before we can expect people to take notice of and accept drinking guidelines they must know why. But for decades the fields of information and propaganda have been left over to the alcohol industry, which may invest giant sums into advertising and marketing.

Kategorie: Advertising, Alcohol industry, Allgemein, drinking guidelines, Education, Global, Letters and comments to editors, Media, Prevention, Research, safe level, societal effects, Statistics, Watchdogs, Youth | Keine Kommentare »

THE GLOBE – Issue 1, 2012

Montag 6. Februar 2012 von htm

Alcohol and Youth in Africa, Asia and Europe
Also in this issue:

Alcohol Policy Youth Network / Nigerian Alcohol Prevention Youth Initiative / The IFMSA and the European Alcohol and Health Forum / Jyothirgamaya: Spreading the light of awareness by Ms Deepa Nair / “Alcohol-free Boat Races: the role of youth networks and social campaigns to change social attitudes on alcohol” / Alcohol and the young brain: girls at especial risk? / Teenage alcohol consumption associated with computer use / Alcohol and Unsafe Sex / Cigarette and alcohol use at historic low among US teens / Transatlantic Cooperation to combat underage drinking

Kategorie: Allgemein, Binge Drinking, Children, consumption, Development, Education, European Alcohol and Health Forum, Events, Global, Health, HIV, mortality, Politics, Prevention, Publications, Religion, Research, Statistics, Watchdogs, Youth | Keine Kommentare »

UK: Nazi-themed drinking game ‚sparked brawl on LSE union skiing trip‘

Donnerstag 19. Januar 2012 von htm

London School of Economics launches inquiry into allegations Jewish student’s nose was broken during incident in Val d’Isère
The London School of Economics is investigating allegations that a Nazi-themed drinking game led to a brawl in which a Jewish student’s nose was broken.
The inquiry relates to a skiing trip to Val d’Isère organised by the students‘ union last month and attended by 150 students from the university’s athletics union.
According to a statement released by the LSE’s Jewish society, the assault took place after a Jewish student objected to the drinking game. The violence was not serious enough for French police to be involved, a students‘ union source said.
The LSE said: „These are disturbing allegations relating to events which took place on a foreign trip organised by the students‘ union. Both the SU and LSE are investigating these events and are prepared to take disciplinary action if the allegations are shown to be true.
(Source: newsletter Active, 01/19/12) guardian.co.uk, 01/16/12

Kategorie: Allgemein, Binge Drinking, Education, Global, Newsletter, societal effects, Violence and crimes, Watchdogs, Youth | Keine Kommentare »

UK: Protect children from alcohol misuse

Freitag 16. Dezember 2011 von htm

The health and social care provider Turning Point has said alcohol misuse within families is an escalating concern in its new report „Bottling it up: the next generation“. It says early screening and identification of families is needed urgently to prevent the ‘inter-generational cycle’ of alcohol misuse which blights the lives of children and undermines their life chances.

Up to 2.6 million children live with parents who drink at „hazardous“ levels and around 700,000 children are thought to live with dependent drinkers. As picked up in the Daily Express, pressure put on women to be „supermums“ was felt to be increasing alcohol use as a coping mechanism. Turning Point said more than 5,000 people who used their alcohol treatment services last year were parents.

The report says children of parents who misuse alcohol are more at risk of depression, anxiety and increased anger. Turning Point also highlighted JRF research which found that children who see their parents drunk are twice as likely to get drunk themselves. Children living with drinking parents are also more likely to experiment at an early age with alcohol and drugs, increasing the risk of their own later life substance problems.

In the report Turning Point call on the Government to place a duty on Local Authorities to develop strategies that take into account the harms to family life and children’s development. They also advocate the development of services which are more family focused and home-based, better liaison between adult and children’s services, and more information available to help affected children. … (Source: Alcohol Policy UK, 12/15/11)

Kategorie: Addiction, adults, Allgemein, Children, consumption, Education, Global, Health, Parents, societal effects, Treatment, Watchdogs, Youth | Keine Kommentare »

Prevention of Teen Substance Abuse …

Donnerstag 17. November 2011 von htm

Prevention of Teen Substance Abuse Must Start with Tackling America’s Underage Drinking Epidemic. Let’s Make it Cool for Teens Not to Drink!

Joseph A. Califano, Jr.A recent survey of 7th through 11th graders in the Connecticut gold coast town of Westport, Connecticut, nails the importance of targeting alcohol use among teens for parents, teachers, pediatricians and public health professionals who seek to prevent teen substance abuse and addiction.

The survey by the Governor’s Prevention Initiative for Youth revealed that 25 percent of the town’s 9th graders, 37 percent of 10th graders, and 60 percent of 11th graders had been drinking alcohol in the previous 30 days. Translated from substance abuse statistical jargon to plain English, this means that these high school freshman, sophomores and juniors are current drinkers, likely drinking regularly. … (Source: CASA, Chairman’s Corner, 11/15/11)

our online-comment:
As long as politicians are not willing to reduce the harmful impact of the alcohol industry on society (TV-marketing is only one sector of many) in order to reduce alcohol consumption in general, youth will miss the good example and will hardly be convinced by educational prevention. Alcohol-lobbies are a sort of corruption. Not only in the Third World.

Kategorie: Addiction, adults, Advertising, Alcohol industry, Alerts, Allgemein, Binge Drinking, Children, consumption, Education, Global, Legal Drinking Age, Other Drugs, Parents, Parliaments / Governments, Personalities, Politics, Prevention, Publications, societal effects, Watchdogs, Youth | Keine Kommentare »

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