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Alkoholpolitik und Volksgesundheit

Archiv für Februar 2012

D: Reiche Schüler verfallen Alkohol am schnellsten

Mittwoch 29. Februar 2012 von htm

Eine neue Studie räumt mit Vorurteilen auf: Nicht die Schüler aus sozial schwachen Familien, sondern jene mit reichen Eltern verfallen Alkohol am häufigsten. Auch über Kinder mit Migrationshintergrund gibt es interessante Erkenntnisse.
Schüler trinken in Deutschland deutlich seltener Bier, wenn Vater und Mutter beide Ausländer sind. Das geht aus einer neuen Studie der Universität Bielefeld für die Weltgesundheitsorganisation WHO hervor. Die Forscher hatten bundesweit mehr als 5800 Jungen und Mädchen befragt. Die Interviewten stammten aus fünften, siebten und neunten Schulklassen.

„Wir erklären uns das so, dass die meisten von ihnen einen muslimischen Hintergrund haben. Da gelten bestimmte kulturelle Regeln“, sagte die Studien-Koordinatorin Prof. Petra Kolip. Den Zahlen zufolge trinken bundesweit 8,5 Prozent der Jungen zwischen 11 und 15 Jahren jede Woche Alkohol, aber nur halb so viele Jungen mit beiderseitig migrantischem Elternhaus.

Deutscher Alkoholkonsum
… Generell greifen männliche Schüler doppelt so häufig zur Flasche wie ihre weiblichen Altersgenossen. Gut 6 Prozent der Mädchen und mehr als 11 Prozent der Jungen trinken mindestens ein Mal pro Woche ein alkoholisches Getränk. „Die beliebtesten Getränke sind Biermixgetränke und Bier, gefolgt von Alkopops, während Wein und Sekt nur selten konsumiert werden“, erläuterte Kolip. Sie ist Leiterin des WHO Collaborating Centre an der Uni Bielefeld. Das Zentrum erarbeitet den deutschen Anteil der Studie, deren Schirmherrin die WHO ist.

Jungen aus wohlhabenden Haus trinken mehr
„Interessanterweise ist der Alkoholkonsum in wohlhabenden Familien von Jungen deutlich häufiger und auch das rauschhafte Trinken tritt in diesen Familien häufiger auf“, berichtete Kolip weiter. „Anders als das übliche Vorurteil, das riskanten Alkoholkonsum in sozial benachteiligten Familien verortet, zeigen unsere Daten, dass riskanter Konsum in allen Sozialschichten auftritt und in höheren Schichten zumindest bei Jungen ausgeprägter ist.“
(Quelle: Google Alkohol News, 28.2.12) FOCUS Online, 28.2.12

Kategorie: Allgemein, Geschlechtspezifische, Internationales, Jugendliche, Konsumhaltung, Weltgesundheits-Org. | Keine Kommentare »

France says drivers must carry alcohol breath tests

Dienstag 28. Februar 2012 von htm

Starting July 1, you’ll have to carry a portable blood-alcohol test kit with you if you want to drive in France. You’ll be fined 11 euros — about $15 — if you can’t produce one when the gendarmes ask.
Who knew such a thing even existed?

Turns out they’re about the size of a cigarette, available in the U.S. and are much cheaper when purchased in bulk. Expect to pay as much as $7 at a retail counter but as little as $2 when you buy a bunch. We found them at Walmart and suggest you read the instructions before your first drink, just to be safe.

The chemically coated crystals inside these single-use devices react to concentrations of alcohol in the user’s breath, turning colors above a certain threshold. Most manufacturers sell the devices tuned for “zero tolerance” situations (such as school, they note), 0.05 percent (the legal blood-alcohol level in France), or 0.08 percent, the limit in the U.S. (See “Calculate your limit: Avoid a DUI disaster.”)
Friends in Europe suggest carrying two: One to use and one to show the police. …

(Source: Alcohol Reports, News, 02/27/12) foxbusiness.com, 02/24/12

Kategorie: Allgemein, consumption, Global, Politics, Prevention, Transportation | Keine Kommentare »

Characteristics of Alcoholics Attending ‘Clubs of Alcoholics in Treatment’ in Italy

Dienstag 28. Februar 2012 von htm

Abstract
Aims: To provide an overview of alcoholics attending a socio-ecological treatment programme [Clubs of Alcoholics in Treatment (CATs)] and to identify factors associated with abstinence and self-perceived improvement in lifestyle.

Methods: A national sample of 7522 subjects (76% males and 24% females, mean age 53.2 ± 11.3 years ± SD) attending CATs was evaluated using a self-administered questionnaire completed at a weekly meeting in 2006.

Results: Of participants, >70% reported no alcohol use in the last year and around 90% indicated no use in the previous month, whereas 4% of them declared no alcohol use before club attendance. Abstinence and lifestyle improvement were related positively to the number of years of club attendance but negatively to the presence of other problems in addition to the alcohol-related one. Moreover, being older or female was associated with more likely achievement of abstinence as well as with the perception of a better lifestyle. Finally, attending the club with one or more family members was associated with achievement of better lifestyle.

Conclusion: These data provide an overview of alcoholics attending the CAT programme and are a first step toward developing a surveillance system. In addition, on the basis of this preliminary picture further research (notably longitudinal studies) can be planned considering this method and its effectiveness.
(Source: Alcohol Reports, 02/27/12) oxfordjournals.org, 02/23/12
Comment: I visited one of the first clubs at the beginning of their work in Udine. It was very impressing and I am glad they have such a success over the many years.

Kategorie: Addiction, adults, Allgemein, Children, consumption, Global, Parents, Research, societal effects, Statistics, Treatment, Youth | Keine Kommentare »

Fährst du nach Frankreich, vergiss den Alk-Tester nicht

Dienstag 28. Februar 2012 von htm

Von wegen „Bon Voyage“! Ab Juli muss jeder Autofahrer, der in Frankreich unterwegs ist, einen Alkohol-Tester im Wagen haben – sonst droht ein Bußgeld.

Ziel soll es sein, alkoholbedingte Unfälle zu reduzieren. Kritiker sagen: Da wird der Autofahrer wieder mal zur Melk-Kuh gemacht. Alkohol am Steuer – das wird in Frankreich teuer: Bei Promille-Werten zwischen 0,5 und 0,8 Promille ist eine Geldbuße von 90 bis 750 Euro fällig. Bei über 0,8 Promille: Geldstrafe bis 4500 Euro und/oder Fahrverbot bis zu drei Jahren und/oder Gefängnis bis zwei Jahre.

Und jetzt kommt die Alkohol-Tester-Pflicht, damit jeder prüfen kann, ob er nicht zu viel intus hat. Michael Nissen, Leiter Internationales Recht beim ADAC: „Jeder Autofahrer muss in Frankreich ein unbenutztes Alkohol-Testset im Fahrzeug mitführen und gegebenenfalls bei einer Kontrolle durch die Polizei vorweisen können. Ansonsten droht ein Bußgeld von 11 Euro, das sofort bezahlt werden muss.“

Es gibt aber eine Schonfrist. Bußgelder sollen erst ab 1. November verhängt werden. Wird zuvor ein Verstoß festgestellt, gibt’s eine Ermahnung und einen Hinweis auf die Neuregelung. Nissen: „Zu beachten ist, dass das erst vorläufige Informationen sind. Die Gesetzesverordnung ist noch nicht erlassen und veröffentlicht.“ …
(Quelle: Google Alkohol News, 27/02/12) express.de, 27.2.12
Kommentar: Wenigstens für den Staat kostenneutral. Ob es etwas nützt, ist eine andere Frage.

Kategorie: Allgemein, Internationales, Verhältnis-Präv., Verkehr | Keine Kommentare »

USA: Youth Targeted with Sex, Violence, Toys and Beer

Dienstag 28. Februar 2012 von htm

The Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC), the world’s largest promoter of violent cage fighting events and Anheuser-Busch InBev (ABI), makers of the Bud Light family of beers, are delivering harmful content to millions of youth. The underage viewers are treated to people beating one another to a bloody pulp, brought to them by Bud Light…or is it Blood Light?
Protect Youth, Pull the Plug on Bud Light Ads at UFC Fights

In its 2011 announcement of Bud Light’s UFC sponsorship renewal, ABI boasts that it “will continue to immerse the beer into all areas of the world’s premier mixed martial artsorganization.” This includes a thinly veiled effort to target underage youth with graphic violence and sexually explicit ads. According to UFC president Dana White, “…Our target audience is anywhere from age 17 to 35.” …
(Source: Alcohol Justice, 02/27/12)

Kategorie: Advertising, Alcohol industry, Alerts, Allgemein, Children, Global, Prevention, societal effects, Sports, Watchdogs, Youth | Keine Kommentare »

Up to 210,000 people in England and Wales will be killed prematurely by alcohol over the next 20 years

Freitag 24. Februar 2012 von htm

Up to 210,000 people in England and Wales will be killed prematurely by alcohol over the next 20 years, with a third of those preventable deaths due to liver disease alone, health experts warned Monday.

Other alcohol-related deaths will be due to accidents, violence and suicide, or from chronic diseases such as high blood pressure, strokes, heart disease and cancer, the experts warned in a projection study in the Lancet medical journal.

Yet Ian Gilmore, former president of the Royal College of Physicians and one of the lead authors of the work, said it was “entirely within the power of the UK government” to take steps to tackle Britain’s drink problem and “prevent the worst-case scenario of avoidable deaths.”

The experts pointed to measures taken in the former Soviet Union in the 1980s, which they said saw alcohol consumption fall by a third in two years with a resulting 12 percent drop in the rate of alcohol-related deaths.

The warning comes after British Prime Minister David Cameron promised last week to crack down on excessive drinking, calling it a “scandal” that costs the taxpayer-funded National Health System an estimated 2.7 billion pounds ($4.3 billion) a year. …
(Source: Harvard World Health News, 02/23/12) reuters.com, 02/19/12

Kategorie: Alerts, Allgemein, consumption, Global, Health, mortality, Parliaments / Governments, Personalities, Politics, Prevention, Publications, Research, Social Costs, Statistics, Watchdogs | Keine Kommentare »

CH: 14-Jähriger fährt alkoholisiert Mutters Auto zu Schrott

Donnerstag 23. Februar 2012 von htm

Ein 14-jähriger Teenie schnappt sich gestern kurz vor Mitternacht unbemerkt den Autoschlüssel seiner Mutter. Er setzt sich ins Auto und fährt in Richtung Hochdorf. Dann verliert er die Kontrolle über das Auto. Das Fahrzeug schlittert über die Strasse in einen Maschendrahtzaun und überschlägt sich mehrmals. Der 14-Jährige bleibt unverletzt.
Ein Atemalkoholtest beim Teenie ergab einen Wert von 1.22 Promille. Der Sachschaden liegt bei 12’000 Franken.
(Quelle: blick.ch, 22.02.12)
Kommentar: Die meisten Online-Kommentare fragen nach der elterlichen Erziehung. Niemand regt sich auf, dass dieser Jugendliche sich irgendwo Alkohol besorgen und sich soviel Mut antrinken konnte, dass er diese Spritztour wagte. Hier müsste auf Mitschuld der Alkohollieferanten geklagt werden. Diese nehmen fahrlässig in Kauf, dass ihre Gesetzesübertretung üble Folgen haben kann. Zum Glück gab es keine Personenschäden. – Die Luzerner Polizei sei mit dem Verlauf der Fasnacht zufrieden, heisst es… Wie viele Alkoholiker-Karrieren sind wohl wieder angestossen und wie viele ungewollte Schwangerschaften auf den Weg gebracht worden?

Kategorie: Alkoholindustrie, Allgemein, Eltern, Erhältlichkeit, Gerichtsfälle, Gewalt/Kriminalität, Jugend, Kinder, Schweiz, Sozialkosten, Verhältnis-Präv., Verkehr | Keine Kommentare »

Edinburgh Student Union Bans SABMiller beers

Donnerstag 23. Februar 2012 von htm

Students at the University of Edinburgh have banned the sale of SABMiller’s 200+ beer brands on campus after learning about the conglomerate’s business practices in some of the world’s poorest countries. According to the international advocacy group Action Aid, the world’s second largest brewer (with headquarters in London) has been dodging taxes in Africa for years. By shifting profits made in Africa into tax havens like Switzerland or the Netherlands, SABMiller can avoid paying taxes to the countries where it produces beer–countries that desperately need the revenue for basic public services such as education and healthcare. The University of Edinburgh student body’s move to ban SABMiller products sends a strong message to the company. Send your own message here.
(Source: Alcohol Justice, 02/23/12) studenttimes.org, 02/13/12
(We have reported on this issue before.)

Kategorie: Alcohol industry, Alerts, Allgemein, Availability, consumption, Development, Global, societal effects, Workplace, Youth | Keine Kommentare »

News coverage of alcohol’s harm may sway support for liquor-control laws

Donnerstag 23. Februar 2012 von htm

If people see news coverage of alcohol’s role in violent crime and fatal injuries, they may give more support to alcohol-control laws, according to a study in the March issue of the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs. It’s estimated that drinking is involved in almost one third of deaths from accidents and violent crime. But the news reports on those deaths often make no mention of alcohol.

“People have some awareness of the social cost that alcohol can have,” said the study’s lead author, Michael D. Slater, Ph.D., of Ohio State University in Columbus. “But only a small fraction of news stories on violent crime and non–motor vehicle accidents acknowledge the contributing role of alcohol.” As a result, many people may not realize how often drinking contributes to accidents off the roadways, as well as to violence, Slater noted.

And that lack of awareness might dampen the public’s support for alcohol-control laws, such as the strict enforcement of underage-drinking laws or prohibitions on serving alcohol to intoxicated customers. …
(Source: Google alcohol news, 02/22/12) innovations-report.de, 02/22/12
Comment: It seems often as if it is the internal policy of medias not to show the role of alcohol. Uninformed people will not ask for stronger alcohol regulations. The alcohol industry is happy. We pay for the immense social costs and have the lack of quality of life.

Kategorie: Alcohol taxes, Allgemein, Availability, Global, Legal Drinking Age, Media, Parliaments / Governments, Politics, Prevention, Research, Social Costs, societal effects, Watchdogs, Youth | Keine Kommentare »

9 Million Children of Alcoholics in Europe deserve hope and dreams

Mittwoch 22. Februar 2012 von htm

Press release from Active – Sobriety, Friendship and Peace:

Today is Valentine’s Day and it is also one day of the week for Children of alcoholics (CoA). The awareness week for CoA serves to raise attention for the situation and feelings of the affected, and it serves to make sure the fate of millions of young Europeans is not forgotten and doesn’t remain invisible.

There are 9 Million children and young people in the EU alone who grow up with at least one parent being
alcohol addicted. These children suffer neglect, feelings of shame and self-blame for their parents’ alcohol addiction. They suffer from continuous conflicts in their home and many have to witness and endure violence.

“The problem is big and despite some good and useful steps into the right direction, more can and must be done to prevent destroyed childhoods,” says Andrea Lavesson, President of Active – sobriety, friendship and peace. “Valentine’s Day offers the best opportunity to extent our hearts to embrace the pain and suffering of 9 million innocent children and young people.”

Europe is the heaviest alcohol consuming region in the world, where alcohol is a causal factor in 16% of child abuse and neglect cases. Studies show that CoA are much more exposed to other health risks, to negative influences on their intellectual capacity and their mental health. Research also shows that one third of CoA will become alcohol addicted themselves.

“Children and young people with alcohol addicted parents often live in both emotional and material poverty,”
says Andrea Lavesson from Active.
(Source: Eurocare Newsletter, 02/20/12)

“It is a moral, economic and social imperative to prevent harm, invest into the present of children and young people, into their hopes and dreams. We need a new EU alcohol strategy, evidence-based alcohol policies in the countries; municipalities need to invest in support structures for CoA; schools need effective alcohol policies; teachers need know-how in how to identify children and youth; journalists need to help breaking the taboo that still exists around this issue. And as society we need to make sure that children of alcohol addicted parents feel that they too can have a better life one day.”

Kategorie: Alerts, Allgemein, Children, Events, Global, Health, Parents, Prevention, Publications, societal effects, Statistics, Violence and crimes, Watchdogs, Youth | Keine Kommentare »

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